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Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices (2000)

Chapter: Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
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Appendix

BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE COMMITTEE ON RESEARCH AND PEER REVIEW IN EPA

PAUL G. RISSER (Chair) is president of Oregon State University in Corvallis. Previously, Dr. Risser served as president of Miami University and provost and vice president for academic affairs at the University of New Mexico. He earned a B.A. from Grinnell College, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in botany and soils from the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He is past president of both the Ecological Society of America and the American Institute of Biological Sciences. His research interests include systems analysis of grassland ecosystems, particularly dynamics of energy and material storage and transfer, studies of vegetation structure, and natural resource planning.

JULIAN B. ANDELMAN is emeritus professor at the Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh. He earned an A.B. in biochemical sciences at Harvard, and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. Dr. Andelman's research interests have included the chemistry of trace constituents in natural waters, and modeling and measuring indoor human exposures to volatile chemicals from potable water supplies.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×

ANDERS W. ANDREN is a professor in the Water Chemistry Program and Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and director of the Sea Grant College Program at the University of Wisconsin. He served as a member of the Science Advisory Board, International Joint Commission, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board. Dr. Andren earned a B.S. in chemistry from Upsala College, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in chemical oceanography from the Florida State University. His research interests include aquatic chemistry, contaminant evaporations, acid precipitation, groundwater chemistry-transport of organic and inorganics, chemical and physical property prediction, analytical chemistry of environmental microcontaminants, and contamination remediation technologies.

JOHN C. BAILAR III is a professor in the Department of Health Studies at the University of Chicago. Previously, he was chair of the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at McGill University. Dr. Bailar is a member of the Institute of Medicine, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and an honorary fellow of the American Medical Writers Association. Currently, he serves as a member of the editorial board of the New England Journal of Medicine. He has served on several National Research Council committees and is a member of the NRC's Commission on Life Sciences. Dr. Bailar earned a B.A. in chemistry from the University of Colorado, an M.D. at Yale University, and a Ph.D. in statistics at American University. His research interests include research administration, biometrics-biostatistics, public health and epidemiology, and science policy.

EULA BINGHAM is a professor of environmental health in the College of Medicine at the University of Cincinnati. Previously, she served as vice president and university dean for graduate studies at the University of Cincinnati and as assistant secretary of labor for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. She earned a B.S. from Eastern Kentucky University, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in zoology at the University of Cincinnati. Her research interests include toxicology, chemical carcinogenesis, pulmonary defense mechanisms, regulatory toxicology, and occupational and environmental health. Dr. Bingham is a member of the Institute of Medicine.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×

DAVID S.C. CHU is currently the vice president responsible for RAND's Army Research Division and director of the Arroyo Center. Previously, he was director of RAND's Washington Office and associate chairman of RAND's research staff. Mr. Chu is a member of the Army Science Board. He served in the Department of Defense as assistant secretary and director for Program Analysis and Evaluation. Earlier, Mr. Chu was the assistant director of the Congressional Budget Office for National Security and International Affairs. Dr. Chu earned a B.A. in economics and mathematics, and a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University.

WALTER F. DABBERDT is associate director of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. Previously, he was research scientist and manager of the Surface and Sounding Systems Facility of NCAR 's Atmospheric Technology Division. He is past chair of the American Meteorological Society's (AMS) Committee on Measurements and Committee on Meteorological Aspects of Air Pollution. He has participated as a member of several advisory committees and peer-review panels for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board for Atmospheric Environment and a past associate editor of the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. In 1997, he received the AMS Editor's Award. Dr. Dabberdt earned a B.S. in meteorology and marine transportation at the State University of New York Maritime College and an M.S. and Ph.D. in meteorology at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. His research interests are in the fields of micrometeorology, air pollution dispersion, and atmospheric instrumentation.

ROLF HARTUNG is professor emeritus of environmental toxicology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. He has served as a member of EPA's Science Advisory Board and on the International Joint Commission Committee on Health Effects of Water Pollution. He also served as a member of the NRC's Committee on the Future Role of Pesticides in Agriculture. Dr. Hartung received his B.S., M.W.M., and Ph.D. in wildlife management from the University of Michigan. His research interests include effects of polluting oils on waterfowl, toxicity of aminoethanols, coactions between chlorinated hydrocarbon pesti-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×

cides and aquatic pollutants, environmental dynamics of heavy metals, and risk assessment.

MORTON LIPPMANN is a professor of environmental medicine and director of the Human Exposure and Health Effects Program at the NIEHS Center in the Department of Environmental Medicine and the Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine at New York University. He also directs the EPA Center for Particulate Matter Health Effects Research at NYU. He has served as chairman of the EPA's Clean Air Science Advisory Committee and as a member of EPA's Science Advisory Board, chairman of SAB's Advisory Committee on Indoor Air and Total Human Exposure, and currently as chairman of SAB's Executive Committee. He earned a BChE degree from the Cooper Union, an S.M. from Harvard University, and a Ph.D. in environmental health science from New York University. Dr. Lippman's research is in inhalation toxicology, aerosol science and physiology, occupational and environmental exposure assessment, and air pollution epidemiology.

RAYMOND C. LOEHR is the H.M. Alharthy Centennial Chair and professor of civil engineering at the University of Texas in Austin. Dr. Loehr earned a B.S. and an M.S. from the Case Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. in sanitary engineering from the University of Wisconsin. Previously he taught environmental engineering and had major research programs at the University of Kansas, and Cornell University. Dr. Loehr has had decades of experience related to hazardous waste management issues, the remediation of contaminated soil and sludges, and the practical application of research results. In addition, he has had major positions as chair of committees of the National Research Council, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and other governmental agencies. He also is a registered professional engineer in several states.

JUDITH MCDOWELL is a senior scientist and coordinator of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Insitution's Sea Grant Program. She received a B.S. in biology from Stonehill College and an M.S. and Ph.D. in zoology from the University of New Hampshire. Her research works are in the areas of comparative physiology of marine larval and postlarval

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×

invertebrates, including studies of energetics and nutrition, coastal pollution, and the effects of pollutants on the physiology of marine animals.

DAVID L. MORRISON is an adjunct professor at North Carolina State University. He retired in 1997 from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission where he was the director of the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. His previous positions include technical director of the Energy, Resource and Environmental Systems Division, MITRE Corporation; president of the Illinois Institute of Technology Research Institute; and director of program development and management, Battelle Memorial Institute. Dr. Morrison has a Ph.D. in chemistry from the Carnegie Institute of Technology. His areas of expertise include research management, energy and environmental research, materials science, nuclear chemistry, physical chemistry, and the assessment of energy technologies.

GEOFFREY PLACE is retired from the Procter & Gamble Company where he held various positions, ending with vice president for research and development. He earned a B.A. and M.A. from Kings College in Cambridge, England. He is past president of the Industrial Research Institute; trustee, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; and a former member of the NRC's Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology.

BAILUS WALKER is a professor of environmental and occupational medicine and toxicology at Howard University School of Medicine. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Walker holds a master's degree from the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in occupational and environmental health from the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. His research interests are risk assessment and risk management in urban settings, including neurotoxic effects of environmental chemicals.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×
Page 155
Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×
Page 156
Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×
Page 157
Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×
Page 158
Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA." National Research Council. 2000. Strengthening Science at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9882.
×
Page 159
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In the three decades since the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created, the agency's scientific and technical practices and credibility have been independently assessed many times in reports from the National Research Council (NRC), EPA Science Advisory Board, General Accounting Office, and many other organizations; in congressional oversight and judicial proceedings; and in countless criticisms and lawsuits from stakeholders with interests in particular EPA regulatory decisions. As a previous independent panel put it in the 1992 report Safeguarding the Future: Credible Science, Credible Decisions, EPA's policy and regulatory work receives a great deal of public attention, but the agency's scientific performance typically receives a similar degree of attention only when the scientific basis for a decision is questioned. Thus, strong scientific performance is important not only to enable EPA to make informed and effective decisions, but also to gain credibility and public support for the environmental protection efforts of EPA and the nation.

This report is the fourth and final one in a series prepared by two independent expert committees convened by the NRC in response to a request from Congress and to subsequent, related requests from EPA. The Committee on Research Opportunities and Priorities for EPA - the companion committee in this study - was charged to provide an overview of significant emerging environmental issues, identify and prioritize research themes most relevant to understanding and resolving those issues, and consider the role of EPA's research program in the context of research being conducted or supported by other organizations. That committee published an interim report in 1996 and a final report, Building a Foundation for Sound Environmental Decisions, in 1997. The Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA was charged to evaluate research management and scientific peer-review practices in the agency. The committee published an interim report in 1995 and this final report.

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