National Academies Press: OpenBook

LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress (2000)

Chapter: Appendix D: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
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D
ACRONYMS


AACR

Anglo-American Cataloging Rules

ACM

Association for Computing Machinery

AHA

American Historical Association

A&LD

Arts and Letters Daily

AMS

American Mathematical Society

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

ARL

Association of Research Libraries

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interface

ATM

asynchronous transfer mode


CCF

circulation control facility

CD-ROM

compact disk read-only memory

CDS

Cataloging Distribution Service

CEO

chief executive officer

CIC

Committee on Institutional Cooperation

CIO

chief information officer

CIP

Cataloging in Publication

CLIR

Council on Library and Information Resources

CNRI

Corporation for National Research Initiatives

COINS

Copyright Office In-Process System

COPICS

Copyright Office Publication and Interactive Cataloging System

CORC

Cooperative Online Resource Cataloging project

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
×

CORDS

Copyright Office Electronic Registration, Recordation, and Deposit System

CPSO

Cataloging Policy and Support Office

CRS

Congressional Research Service

CSDGM

Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata

CSTB

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board


DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DCES

Dublin Core Element Set

DCMI

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative

DFG

Digital Futures Group

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

DTD

document type definition


EAD

encoded archival description

ECIP

Electronic Cataloging in Publication

EDI

electronic data interchange


FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FGDC

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee

FRBR

functional requirements for bibliographic records

FTE

full-time equivalent

FTP

file transfer protocol


GIF

graphics interchange format

GIS

geographical information system

GLIN

Global Legal Information Network

GPO

U.S. Government Printing Office


HR

human resources

HRS

Human Resources Services (directorate)

HTML

hypertext markup language

HTTP

hypertext transfer protocol


IATH

Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities

IFLA

International Federation of Library Associations

ILS

Integrated Library System

IP

intellectual property

IR

information retrieval

ISBN

International Standard Book Number

ISIS

Inquiry Status Information System

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISSN

International Standard Serial Number

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
×

ITS

Information Technology Services (directorate)

ITVSRP

information technology vision, strategy, research, and planning group


K-12

kindergarten through grade 12


LC

Library of Congress

LHNCBC

Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications

LIS

Legislative Information System

LOCIS

Library of Congress Information System


MARC

machine-readable cataloging

MEDLINE

index of online medical journals and information at the National Library of Medicine

MPAA

Motion Picture Association of America

MUMS

Multiple Use MARC System


NAL

National Agricultural Library

NARA

National Archives and Records Administration

NCBI

National Center for Biotechnology Information

NDL

National Digital Library

NDLP

National Digital Library Program

NEDLIB

Networked European Deposit Library

NEH

National Endowment for the Humanities

NISO

National Information Standards Organization

NIST

U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology

NLM

National Library of Medicine

NLP

natural language processing

NLSBPH

National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

NRC

National Research Council

NSF

National Science Foundation

NTE

not to exceed

NUC

National Union Catalog


OAIS

Open Archival Information System

OCLC

Online Computer Library Center

OD

books on demand

OPAC

online public access catalog

OS

operating system

OSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (in the Department of Energy)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
×

PDF

portable document format

PICS

Platform for Internet Content Selection

PMED

Planning, Management, and Evaluation Directorate

PPBEEES

Planning, Programming, Budgeting, Evaluation, Executing, and Evaluation System

PPLF

Public Policy Literature File

PPOC

Prints and Photographs Online Catalog


R&D

research and development

RDF

resource description framework

RFP

request for proposals

RLG

Research Libraries Group


SCORPIO

Subject Content Oriented Retriever for Processing Information Online

SGML

standard generalized markup language


TAB

technical advisory board

TCP

transmission control protocol

TIFF

tagged image file format


UNIX

Universal Interactive Executive (operating system)

URL

uniform resource locator

URN

universal resource name


W3C

World Wide Web Consortium


XML

extensible markup language


Y2K

year 2000

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
×
Page 265
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2000. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9940.
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Page 266
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Digital information and networks challenge the core practices of libraries, archives, and all organizations with intensive information management needs in many respects—not only in terms of accommodating digital information and technology, but also through the need to develop new economic and organizational models for managing information. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress discusses these challenges and provides recommendations for moving forward at the Library of Congress, the world’s largest library. Topics covered in LC21 include digital collections, digital preservation, digital cataloging (metadata), strategic planning, human resources, and general management and budgetary issues. The book identifies and elaborates upon a clear theme for the Library of Congress that is applicable more generally: the digital age calls for much more collaboration and cooperation than in the past. LC21 demonstrates that information-intensive organizations will have to change in fundamental ways to survive and prosper in the digital age.

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