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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part II. Implementation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9966.
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D
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACRIM

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor

ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observing Satellite

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

ATD

advanced technology development

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


BigFoot

A NASA Earth Observing System mapping project


CDR

climate data record

CEOS

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

CERES

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiation Energy System

CES

Committee on Earth Studies

CGPM

Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures

CMIS

Conical Scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder

CrIS

Cross-track Infrared Sounder


DAAC

distributed active archive center

DMSP

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOD

Department of Defense


EDR

environmental data record

ENSO

El Niño/Southern Oscillation

EOF

empirical orthogonal function

EOS

Earth Observing System

EOS AM

Earth Orbiting System Morning Satellite

EOS PM

Earth Orbiting System Afternoon Satellite

EOSDIS

Earth Observing System Data and Information System

ERB

Earth Radiation Budget

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part II. Implementation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9966.
×

ERBE

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment

ERBS

Earth Radiation Budget Satellite

ERS

Earth Resources Satellite

ESE

Earth Science Enterprise

ESSIPs

Earth System Science Information Partnerships

ESSP

Earth System Science Pathfinder

ETM+

Enhanced Thematic Mapper

EUMETSAT

European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites


GOES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite


HRC

highly reflective cloud


IDPS

integrated data processing system

IGBP

International Geosphere-Biosphere Program

IIP

Instrument Incubator Program

IORD-1

Integrated Operational Requirements Document (First Version)

IPFT

Integrated Product Formulation Team

IPO

Integrated Program Office

ISO

International Organization for Standardization


LECT

local equatorial crossing time

LIDQA

Landsat Instrument Data Quality Assessment

LTA

long-term archive


METOP

Meteorological Operational satellite

METOP-3

EUMETSAT Operational Polar Orbiter 3

MODIS

Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MODLAND

MODIS Land Group

MSU

Microwave Sounding Unit

MTF

modulation transfer function


NAOS

North American Atmospheric Observing System

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCDS

NPOESS Climate Data System

NESDIS

National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service

NewDISS

New Data and Information System and Services

Nimbus-7

NASA Environmental Research Satellite Series, 7

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NMP

New Millennium Program

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS

National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NPP

NPOESS Preparatory Project

NRA

NASA research announcement

NRC

National Research Council


OCTS

Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner

OI

optimum interpolation

OLR

outgoing longwave radiation

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part II. Implementation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9966.
×

OMPS

Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite

OSIP

Operational Satellite Improvement Program

OSS

Office of Space Science


PDRR

program development and risk reduction (phase)

PI

principal investigator

POES

Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite


QuikSCAT

Quick Scatterometer


RDR

raw data record

RFP

request for proposal


SBUV

Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet

SDR

sensor data record

SDRR

system definition and risk reduction (phase)

SDS

Science Data System

SeaWiFS

Sea Viewing Wide-Field-of-View Sensor

SI units

Système International d’Unités

SIMBIOS

Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Oceanic Studies

SORCE

Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment

SRCA

Spectroradiometric Calibration Assembly

SSM/I

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SST

sea surface temperature


TBM

terabit memory

TDP

Technology Development Plan

TIROS

Television Infrared Observation Satellite

TOA

top of the atmosphere

TOPEX

Ocean Surface Topography Experiment

TOVS

TIROS-N operational vertical sounder

TRMM

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

TSI

total solar irradiance

TSIM

Total Solar Irradiance Monitor

TSPR

total system performance requirements


USGCRP

U.S. Global Change Research Program


VIIRS

Visible/Infrared Imager and Radiometer Suite

VIRS

Visible and Infrared Scanner

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part II. Implementation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9966.
×
Page 80
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part II. Implementation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9966.
×
Page 81
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2000. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part II. Implementation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9966.
×
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This is the second of two Space Studies Board reports that address the complex issue of incorporating the needs of climate research into the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS). NPOESS, which has been driven by the imperative of reliably providing short-term weather information, is itself a union of heretofore separate civilian and military programs. It is a marriage of convenience to eliminate needless duplication and reduce cost, one that appears to be working.

The same considerations of expediency and economy motivate the present attempts to add to NPOESS the goals of climate research. The technical complexities of combining seemingly disparate requirements are accompanied by the programmatic complexities of forging further connections among three different agencies, with different mandates, cultures, and congressional appropriators. Yet the stakes are very high, and each agency gains significantly by finding ways to cooperate, as do the taxpayers. Beyond cost savings, benefits include the possibility that long-term climate observations will reveal new phenomena of interest to weather forecasters, as happened with the El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Conversely, climate researchers can often make good use of operational data.

Necessity is the mother of invention, and the needs of all the parties involved in NPOESS should conspire to foster creative solutions to make this effort work. Although it has often been said that research and operational requirements are incommensurate, this report and the phase one report (Science and Design) accentuate the degree to which they are complementary and could be made compatible. The reports provide guidelines for achieving the desired integration to the mutual benefit of all parties. Although a significant level of commitment will be needed to surmount the very real technical and programmatic impediments, the public interest would be well served by a positive outcome.

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