TRB Special Report 285: The Fuel Tax and Alternatives for Transportation Funding examines the viability of existing revenue sources, the merits of present transportation finance arrangements, and potential directions for reform of transportation finance. According to the report, fuel taxes can remain the primary funding source for the nation's highways for at least another decade, but eventually replacing them with a system for metering road use and charging accordingly could benefit travelers and the public. In addition, the committee that developed the report suggests that while the current funding system helps maintain existing highways and build new ones and ensures that users pay most of these costs, it does not help transportation agencies alleviate congestion or target investment in the most valuable projects.
Table of Contents
|2 Present Finance Arrangements||23-61|
|3 Evaluating the Present Finance System||62-94|
|4 Effects of Automotive Technology, Energy, and Regulatory Developments on Finance||95-120|
|5 Finance Reform Proposals: Toll Road Expansion and Road Use Metering||121-157|
|6 Finance Reform Proposals: Reforms Within the Present Framework||158-178|
|7 Conclusions and Recommendations||179-201|
|Appendix A Highway Benefits Estimates||202-208|
|Appendix B Automotive Technology Projections||209-216|
|Appendix C Review and Synthesis of Road Use Metering and Charging Systems: Executive Summary||217-231|
|Study Committee Biographical Information||232-236|
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