Biology and the Exploration of Mars
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Publication Info

532 pages | 6 x 9

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xvi
Part I: Biology and the Exploration of Mars, Summary and Conclusions 1-18
Postscript: October 1965 19-22
Part II: Life: Its Nature and Origin, 1 What is Life? 23-40
2 The Origin of Life 41-70
Part III: The Cosmic Setting, 3 The Solar System as a Abode of Life 71-113
4 Biological Materials in Carbonaceous Chrondrites 114-124
Part IV: Recognition of Life and Some Terrestrial Precedents, 5 Signs of Life 125-140
6 Optical Asymmetry 141-146
7 The Biochemestry of Terrestrial Soils 147-163
8 Properties of Desert Soils 164-186
9 Remote Detection of Terrestrial Life 187-210
Part IV: Some Extrapolations and Speculations, 10 Development of Rigorous Tests for Extraterrestrial Life 211-228
11 A Model of Martial Ecology 229-242
12 Exotic Biochemistry in Exobiology 243-251
13 Higher Organisms on Mars 252-258
14 Some Terrestrial Programs 259-263
15 Potential Yields of Biological Relevance from Remote Investigations of Mars 264-282
16 Launch Opportunities and Seasonal Activity on Mars 283-291
17 Space Vehicles for Planetary Missions 292-322
Part VII: Martial Landings: Unmanned, 18 Biological Objective and Strategy for the Design of a Space Vehicle to be Landed on Mars 323-330
19 The Automated Biological Laboratory 331-346
20 Analytical Methods for Landers 347-426
21 The Use of Martian Materials in the Search for Martial Life 427-430
Part VIII: Martian Landings: Manned, 22 Impact of Manned Spacecraft on the Exobiology Program 431-435
23 Prospects for Manned Mars Missions 436-442
24 "Back Contamination" and Quarantine Problems and Perspectives 443-446
Part IX: Avoiding the Contamination of Mars, 25 The Nature of the Problems 447-462
26 The Objectives and Technology of Spacecraft Sterilization 463-466
27 Spacecraft Sterilization 467-469
28 Decontamination Standards for Martial Exploration Programs 470-481
29 The Special Problem of Encapsulated Contaminants 482-484
Appendix I: Instrumentation for the Detection of Extraterrestrial Life 485-502
Appendix II: Potential Application of Electron-Optical Methods to Storage of Information for Direct Retrieval 503-506
Appendix III: List of Participants and Contributors 507-509
Appendix IV: Note on the Space Science Board 510-518
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Suggested Citation

National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. Biology and the Exploration of Mars. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1966.

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