HMCRP Report 5: A Guide for Assessing Community Emergency Response Needs and Capabilities for Hazardous Materials Releases
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HMCRP Report 5:
A Guide for Assessing Community Emergency Response Needs and Capabilities for Hazardous Materials Releases
(2011)
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Overview

Authors

Description

TRB's Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program (HMCRP) Report 5: A Guide for Assessing Community Emergency Response Needs and Capabilities for Hazardous Materials Releases provides step-by-step guidance on assessing hazardous materials emergency response needs at the state, regional, and local levels. The report also addresses matching state, regional, and local capabilities with potential emergencies involving different types of hazardous materials, and offers an assessment on how quickly resources can be expected to be brought to bear in an emergency.

The methodology described in HMCRP Report 5 is designed to be scalable, allowing the implementation results to be aggregated at the local level up through regional, state, and national levels. The guide includes a spreadsheet toolâ€"available online and on CD-ROM with the print version of the reportâ€"that is designed to help lead planners through the assessment process.

Topics

  • Transportation — Environment
  • Transportation — About Research
  • Transportation — Freight Transportation
  • Transportation — Security and Emergencies

Publication Info

118 pages | 8.5 x 11
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-ix
Introduction 1-2
How to Use This Document 3-4
Balancing Assessment with Planning Capabilities of a Local Emergency Response Organization 5-6
Defining the Risk Metric 7-7
Vulnerability 8-8
Summary of Risk Metric Evaluation Steps 9-10
Terminology to Represent Emergency Response Capability 11-11
Defining Emergency Response Capability Tiers 12-14
Determining Your Teams' Capability Tiers 15-15
Establishing Your Performance Objectives 16-21
Material Categorization - Incident Release Types 22-23
Additional Sources of Information 24-24
Documentation - Creating a Hazardous Materials Portfolio 25-25
Transportation Corridors (Mobile Sources) 26-27
Defining Consequences 28-28
Estimating Human-Health Consequences 29-30
Estimating Environmental Consequences 31-31
Selecting the Consequence Value 32-32
Emergency Response Capability Factor 33-34
Response Time Factor 35-35
Quantifying the Mitigating Effects 36-36
Adding Risk to the Hazardous Materials Portfolio 37-38
Hazardous Materials Portfolio Example 39-40
Chapter 8 - Identifying Shortfalls where Additional/Different Capabilities Are Warranted 41-41
Reallocating Resources 42-42
Hazardous Materials Route Restrictions 43-43
Sharing Emergency Response Capability Assessments 44-44
Acronyms 45-45
Appendix A - Information Sources 46-61
Appendix B - Estimating Vulnerability 62-65
Appendix C - Estimating the Consequence Term in the Risk Metric Equation 66-70
Appendix D - Additional Details on Capability Assessment 71-72
Appendix E - Estimating Emergency Response Times 73-75
Appendix F - Bibliography 76-77
Appendix G - Final Report for HMCRP Project 03 78-108
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 109-109

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