NCFRP Report 11: Truck Drayage Productivity Guide
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NCFRP Report 11:
Truck Drayage Productivity Guide
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TRB's National Cooperative Freight Research Program (NCFRP) Report 11: Truck Drayage Productivity Guide is designed to help improve drayage productivity and capacity while reducing emissions, costs, and port-area congestion at deepwater ports.

The guide includes suggestions designed to help shippers, receivers, draymen, marine terminal operators, ocean carriers, and port authorities address inefficiencies, control costs, and reduce associated environmental impacts of truck drayage.

The guide identifies and quantifies the impacts of bottlenecks, associated gate processes, exceptions (trouble tickets), chassis logistics, congestion, and disruption at marine container terminals. The impacts are described in terms of hours, costs, and emissions that were estimated using the Environmental Protection Agency's DrayFLEET model.

A CD-ROM, which contains the final report on the development of NCFRP Report 11 and its appendices, is included with the print version of NCFRP Report 11.

The CD-ROM is also available for download from TRB's website as an ISO image. Links to the ISO image and instructions for burning a CD-ROM from an ISO image are provided below.

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CD-ROM Disclaimer - This software is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences or the Transportation Research Board (collectively "TRB') be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operations of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.


  • Transportation — Marine Transportation
  • Transportation — Motor Carriers
  • Transportation — Operations and Traffic Management
  • Transportation — Environment
  • Transportation — Administration and Management
  • Transportation — Economics
  • Transportation — Freight Transportation
  • Transportation — Terminals and Facilities

Publication Info

107 pages | 8.5 x 11

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-ix
Overview of Port Drayage 1-2
Purpose and Organization of This Guidebook 3-3
Additional Port Drayage Resources 4-4
Port Drayage Transactions 5-5
Marine Container Terminals 6-7
Import Drayage Process 8-9
Empty Return Process 10-10
Drayage Subprocesses 11-15
Data and Information Needs 16-16
Marine Terminal Information Systems 17-19
Drayage Company Data 20-21
Local and Regional Traffic Data 22-22
Surveys 23-27
Terminal Webcam Data Collection 28-30
Special Studies 31-32
Drayage Problems 33-35
Impacts 36-36
Solutions 37-37
Implications for Stakeholders 38-38
Turn Time Distributions 39-39
Turn Time Components 40-41
Suboptimization 42-43
Need for Buffers 44-44
Turn Time Solutions 45-46
Entrance Gate Issues 47-47
Driver/Truck Arrivals 48-48
Gate Queuing Solutions 49-52
Gate Capacity and Working Hours 53-53
Trouble Tickets 54-57
Gate Processing Solutions 58-63
Chassis Logistics 64-64
Chassis Equipment Issues 65-66
Chassis Flips 67-67
Chassis Supply Solutions 68-70
Container Yard Congestion Impacts 71-71
Marine Terminal Disruptions 72-74
Container Yard Solutions 75-75
Extra Empty Equipment Moves 76-79
Extra Trip Solutions 80-81
Port-Area and Port Access Congestion 82-85
Road and Highway Congestion Solutions 86-87
Overview 88-92
Data Sources 93-93
National Drayage Cost and Emissions Estimates 94-94
Impacts of Drayage Bottlenecks 95-96
Implications 97-97
Abbreviations used without definitions in TRB publications 98-98

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