The U.S. Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program was established with the goal of destroying the nation's stockpile of lethal unitary chemical weapons. Since 1990 the U.S. Army has been testing a baseline incineration technology on Johnston Island in the southern Pacific Ocean. Under the planned disposal program, this baseline technology will be imported in the mid to late 1990s to continental United States disposal facilities; construction will include eight stockpile storage sites.
In early 1992 the Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies was formed by the National Research Council to investigate potential alternatives to the baseline technology. This book, the result of its investigation, addresses the use of alternative destruction technologies to replace, partly or wholly, or to be used in addition to the baseline technology. The book considers principal technologies that might be applied to the disposal program, strategies that might be used to manage the stockpile, and combinations of technologies that might be employed.
Table of Contents
|2 THE U.S. CHEMICAL WEAPONS STOCKPILE||37-53|
|3 U.S. AND FOREIGN EXPERIENCE WITH CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION||54-74|
|4 REQUIREMENTS AND CONSIDERATIONS FOR CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION TECHNOLOGIES||75-93|
|5 THERMAL TREATMENT AND PREPROCESSING AND POSTPROCESSING OPERATIONS||94-108|
|6 LOW-TEMPERATURE, LIQUID-PHASE PROCESSES||109-136|
|7 PROCESSES AT MEDIUM AND HIGH TEMPERATURES||137-184|
|8 APPLICATION OF ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES TO THE DESTRUCTION OF THE U.S. CHEMICAL WEAPONS STOCKPILE||185-208|
|APPENDIX A: STATEMENT OF TASK||209-209|
|APPENDIX B: LETTER FROM JAMES R. AMBROSE||210-212|
|APPENDIX C: LETTER FROM CHARLES BARONIAN||213-236|
|APPENDIX D: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES||237-243|
|APPENDIX E: TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS THAT SUPPLIED INFROMATION||244-249|
|APPENDIX F: COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES||250-258|
|APPENDIX G: TECHNOLOGY STATUS AND WORKSHEET||259-261|
|APPENDIX H: EXCERPT FROM THE U.S. AMRY's 5X DECONTAMINATION REVIEW||262-270|
|APPENDIX I: IONIZING RADIATION||271-273|
|APPENDIX J: ELECTROCHEMICAL OXIDATION||274-278|
|APPENDIX K: ADDITIONAL DATA AND MATERIAL BALANCES FOR WET AIR OXIDATION, SUPERCRITICAL WATER OXIDATION, AND THE SYNTHETICA DETOXIFIER||279-291|
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