FAcronyms and Abbreviations


AC

alternating current

AFRL

Air Force Research Laboratory

AIAA

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

a-Si

amorphous silicon

AST

Advanced Space Transportation (program)


B

billion


CIGS

copper indium gallium diselenide

cm

centimeter

CNES

Centre National d’Études Spatiales (French Space Agency)


DC

direct current

DOD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy


EH&S

environmental health and safety

EOL

end of life

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

ESA

European Space Agency

ETI

Earth-to-orbit transportation and infrastructure

ETO

Earth to orbit


ft

foot


g

gravity level at Earth’s surface

GEO

geosynchronous Earth orbit

GHz

gigahertz

GPS

ground power system

GW

gigawatt


HEDS

Human Exploration and Development of Space (NASA)


in.

inch

IS

intelligent system

ISS

International Space Station

ISTI

in-space transportation and infrastructure

ITAM

integrated technology analysis methodology


kg

kilogram

km

kilometer

kW

kilowatt

kW-hr

kilowatt-hour


LEO

low Earth orbit


M

million

m2

square meter

m3

cubic meter

MBG

muti-band gap

MHD

magnetohydrodynamics



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OCR for page 79
Laying the Foundation for Space Solar Power: An Assessment of NASA’s Space Solar Power Investment Strategy FAcronyms and Abbreviations AC alternating current AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics a-Si amorphous silicon AST Advanced Space Transportation (program) B billion CIGS copper indium gallium diselenide cm centimeter CNES Centre National d’Études Spatiales (French Space Agency) DC direct current DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy EH&S environmental health and safety EOL end of life EPRI Electric Power Research Institute ESA European Space Agency ETI Earth-to-orbit transportation and infrastructure ETO Earth to orbit ft foot g gravity level at Earth’s surface GEO geosynchronous Earth orbit GHz gigahertz GPS ground power system GW gigawatt HEDS Human Exploration and Development of Space (NASA) in. inch IS intelligent system ISS International Space Station ISTI in-space transportation and infrastructure ITAM integrated technology analysis methodology kg kilogram km kilometer kW kilowatt kW-hr kilowatt-hour LEO low Earth orbit M million m2 square meter m3 cubic meter MBG muti-band gap MHD magnetohydrodynamics

OCR for page 79
Laying the Foundation for Space Solar Power: An Assessment of NASA’s Space Solar Power Investment Strategy μm micrometer MSC model system category mW milli-watt MW megawatt NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NRC National Research Council NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory NRO National Reconnaissance Office OTA Office of Technology Assessment PMAD power management and distribution PS platform systems PV photovoltaic PVMat PV Manufacturing Technology R&D research and development R&T research and technology RMS Remote Manipulator System SAIM space assembly, inspection, and maintenance SCMC structural concepts, materials, and controls SERT SSP Exploratory Research and Technology (program) SIM systems integration and management SLA stretched lens array SLI Space Launch Initiative SMOC Senior Management Oversight Committee SPG solar power generation SPMAD space power management and distribution SPS solar power satellite SSP space solar power TFD technology flight demonstration TMM thermal materials and management TRL technology readiness level TSX Tele-robotic Shuttle Experiment USAF U.S. Air Force W watt WPT wireless power transmission YAG yttrium aluminum garnet yr year