TABLE 3–4 Pharmacopoeia Usage During Mir Missions

Medications

Number of tablets or doses dispensed

Pseudoephedrine

131

Zolpidem

81

Temazepam

68

Diphenhydramine

60

Aspirin

55

Acetaminophen

37

Bisacodyl

32

Ibuprofen

28

Terfenadine

18

Long-acting phenylpropanolamine

13

Nose drops (Neosynephrine)

9

SOURCE: Marshburn, 2000b.

NOTE: This list reaffirms the discomforts experienced by crew of previous missions and suggests the probability that nasal congestion, sleep disorders, pain, and constipation will afflict the crews of longer-duration space missions.

TABLE 3–5 Incidence of Health Disorders and Medical-Surgical Procedures During 136 Submarine Patrols

Disorder

Number/100,000 Person-Days

Injury (includes accidents)

48.8

Respiratory

24.6

Skin or soft tissue

19.0

Ill-defined symptoms

10.5

Infections

10.0

Procedure

Percentage of All Procedures Performed

Wound care, splinting

42.0

Suturing

18.7

Cleansing

8.2

Nail removal

6.8

Fluorescein eye examination

4.2

Incision and drainage of abscess

2.9

Tooth restoration

2.0

 

SOURCE: Thomas et al., 2000.



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