References

Colorado. 2001. Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Chemical Weapons; Listing of sarin and mustard chemical warfare agents; waste chemical weapons; and soil, water, debris, residues and containers contaminated through contact with waste chemical weapons. 6CCR 1007–3. Denver, Colo., June 19, 2001.

Conner, J.R. 1990. Chemical Fixation and Solidification of Hazardous Wastes. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.


DeFrank, J. and I.J.Fry. 1996. Update on Performance of VXH Biodegradation Systems, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Md., April 9, 1996.

DiBerardo, R., and B.Haroldsen. 2000. The Explosive Destructive System: A System to Destroy Legacy Chemical Weapons. May 2000.


EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2000a. U.S. EPA Office of Drinking Water Health Advisories, EPA 822-B-00–001. Available at <http://www.epa.gov/ost/drinking/standards/dwstandards.pdf>.

EPA. 2000b. U.S. EPA Region 9: Preliminary Remediation Goals (PRGs) Tables, online file, August 19, 2000. Available at <www.epa.gov/region09/waste/sfund/prg>.

EPA. 2000c. Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and Related Compounds, EPA/ 600/P-00/001Ac. May 2000.

EPA 2000d. U.S. EPA Fact Sheet on Dioxins. Available at <http://www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/factsheets/dioxin_long2.pdf>.

EPA. 2001a. U.S. EPA Integrated Risk Information System. Online file. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Cincinnati, Ohio.

EPA. 2001b. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Arsenic and Clarifications to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring; Final Rule, 66 Federal Register 6976 (January 22, 2001). Available at <http://www.epa.gov/safewater/ars/arsenic_finalrule.html>.

EPA. 2001c. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Arsenic and Clarifications to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring: Delay of Effective Date; Final Rule, 66 Federal Register 28342 (May 22, 2001). Available at <HtmlResAnchor http://www.epa.gov/safewater/ars/arsenic_extensionfr.html>.

EPA. 2001d. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Arsenic and Clarifications to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring; 66 Federal Register 37,617 (July 19, 2001). Available at <http://www.epa.gov/safewater/ars/ars_july01proposal.html. EPA.www.epa.gov/nceawww1/dioxindb.htm>.

EPA. 2001e. Database of Sources of Environmental Releases of Dioxin-like Compounds in the United States. Available at <www.epa.gov/nceawww1/dioxindb.htm>.


Foster Wheeler. 2001. Rocky Mountain Arsenal Destruction Completion Report, M139 Bomblets, July 10, 2001.


Hodgman, C.D., ed. 1963. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Cleveland, Ohio: Chemical Rubber Publishing Co.


Kaise., K., H.Yamauchi, Y.Horiuchi, T.Tani, S.Watanabe, H.Hirayama, and W.Fukui. 1989. “A comparative study on acute toxicity of methylarsonic acid and dimethylarsinic acid and trimethylarsine oxide in mice.” Applied Organometallic Chemistry (3):273–277.


Laden, F., G.Collman, K.Iwamoto, A.J.Ahlberg, G.S.Berkowitz, and J.L. Freudenheim. 2001. “1,1-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene and Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Breast Cancer: Combined Analysis of Five U.S. Studies.” Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2001 (93):768–776.


Martens, H. 1998. “Recovered Old Arsenical and Mustard Munitions in Germany.” In Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems in the Destruction of Old Arsenical and “Mustard” Munitions. J.F.Bunnett and M.Mikolaczyk, eds. Proceedings of a NATO Workshop, March 1996, Lodz, Poland. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

McAndless, J.M., V.Fedor, and T.Kinderwater. 1992. Destruction and Waste Treatment Methods Used in a Chemical Agent Disposal Project. Ralston, Alberta, Canada: Defense Research Establishment Suffield. Available from National Technical Information Service as Report No. AD A259 689.

MDL. 1997. Material Safety Data Sheet. San Leandro, Calif.: MDL Information Services.

Mulholland, K.L., and J.A.Dyer. 1999. Pollution Prevention: Methodology, Technologies, and Practices. New York: American Institute of Chemical Engineers.


NRC. 1996. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies. Panel on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Disposal Technologies, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999a. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999b. Review of the Army’s Health Risk Assessments for Oral Exposure to Six Chemical Warfare Agents. Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999c. Arsenic in Drinking Water. Subcommittee on Arsenic in Drinking Water. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999d. Disposal of Chemical Agent Identification Sets. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 39
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System References Colorado. 2001. Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Chemical Weapons; Listing of sarin and mustard chemical warfare agents; waste chemical weapons; and soil, water, debris, residues and containers contaminated through contact with waste chemical weapons. 6CCR 1007–3. Denver, Colo., June 19, 2001. Conner, J.R. 1990. Chemical Fixation and Solidification of Hazardous Wastes. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. DeFrank, J. and I.J.Fry. 1996. Update on Performance of VXH Biodegradation Systems, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Md., April 9, 1996. DiBerardo, R., and B.Haroldsen. 2000. The Explosive Destructive System: A System to Destroy Legacy Chemical Weapons. May 2000. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2000a. U.S. EPA Office of Drinking Water Health Advisories, EPA 822-B-00–001. Available at <http://www.epa.gov/ost/drinking/standards/dwstandards.pdf>. EPA. 2000b. U.S. EPA Region 9: Preliminary Remediation Goals (PRGs) Tables, online file, August 19, 2000. Available at <www.epa.gov/region09/waste/sfund/prg>. EPA. 2000c. Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and Related Compounds, EPA/ 600/P-00/001Ac. May 2000. EPA 2000d. U.S. EPA Fact Sheet on Dioxins. Available at <http://www.epa.gov/ncea/pdfs/dioxin/factsheets/dioxin_long2.pdf>. EPA. 2001a. U.S. EPA Integrated Risk Information System. Online file. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Cincinnati, Ohio. EPA. 2001b. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Arsenic and Clarifications to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring; Final Rule, 66 Federal Register 6976 (January 22, 2001). Available at <http://www.epa.gov/safewater/ars/arsenic_finalrule.html>. EPA. 2001c. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Arsenic and Clarifications to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring: Delay of Effective Date; Final Rule, 66 Federal Register 28342 (May 22, 2001). Available at <HtmlResAnchor http://www.epa.gov/safewater/ars/arsenic_extensionfr.html>. EPA. 2001d. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Arsenic and Clarifications to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring; 66 Federal Register 37,617 (July 19, 2001). Available at <http://www.epa.gov/safewater/ars/ars_july01proposal.html. EPA.www.epa.gov/nceawww1/dioxindb.htm>. EPA. 2001e. Database of Sources of Environmental Releases of Dioxin-like Compounds in the United States. Available at <www.epa.gov/nceawww1/dioxindb.htm>. Foster Wheeler. 2001. Rocky Mountain Arsenal Destruction Completion Report, M139 Bomblets, July 10, 2001. Hodgman, C.D., ed. 1963. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Cleveland, Ohio: Chemical Rubber Publishing Co. Kaise., K., H.Yamauchi, Y.Horiuchi, T.Tani, S.Watanabe, H.Hirayama, and W.Fukui. 1989. “A comparative study on acute toxicity of methylarsonic acid and dimethylarsinic acid and trimethylarsine oxide in mice.” Applied Organometallic Chemistry (3):273–277. Laden, F., G.Collman, K.Iwamoto, A.J.Ahlberg, G.S.Berkowitz, and J.L. Freudenheim. 2001. “1,1-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene and Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Breast Cancer: Combined Analysis of Five U.S. Studies.” Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2001 (93):768–776. Martens, H. 1998. “Recovered Old Arsenical and Mustard Munitions in Germany.” In Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems in the Destruction of Old Arsenical and “Mustard” Munitions. J.F.Bunnett and M.Mikolaczyk, eds. Proceedings of a NATO Workshop, March 1996, Lodz, Poland. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. McAndless, J.M., V.Fedor, and T.Kinderwater. 1992. Destruction and Waste Treatment Methods Used in a Chemical Agent Disposal Project. Ralston, Alberta, Canada: Defense Research Establishment Suffield. Available from National Technical Information Service as Report No. AD A259 689. MDL. 1997. Material Safety Data Sheet. San Leandro, Calif.: MDL Information Services. Mulholland, K.L., and J.A.Dyer. 1999. Pollution Prevention: Methodology, Technologies, and Practices. New York: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. NRC. 1996. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies. Panel on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Disposal Technologies, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999a. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons. Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999b. Review of the Army’s Health Risk Assessments for Oral Exposure to Six Chemical Warfare Agents. Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999c. Arsenic in Drinking Water. Subcommittee on Arsenic in Drinking Water. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999d. Disposal of Chemical Agent Identification Sets. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

OCR for page 39
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System NRC. 2000. Evaluation of Demonstration Test Results of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: A Supplemental Review. Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001a. Disposal of Neutralent Wastes. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 2001b. Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. In press. Arsenic in Drinking Water: 2001 Update. Subcommittee to Update the 1999 Arsenic in Drinking Water Report, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Petrov, S.V., V.I.Kholstov, V.P.Zoubriline, and N.W.Zaviolova. 1998. “Practical Actions of Russia on Preparation for Destruction of Stock-piled Lewisite and Mustard.” In Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems in the Destruction of Old Arsenical and “Mustard” Munitions. J.F.Bunnett and M.Mikolaczyk, eds. Proceedings of a NATO Workshop, March 1996, Lodz, Poland. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Stone & Webster. 2001. Evaluation of the Limited Engineering-Scale Testing of the PLASMOX® Technology to Treat Chemical Warfare Materiel. Preliminary draft, April 2001, p. 14. U.S. Army. 1996. Cumulative Sample Analysis Data Report. HD Ton Container Survey Results. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. March 14, 1996. U.S. Army. 1997. GB/MEA Reactor Chemistry and Analytical Method Development for MMD-1, Vol. 1. U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. July 1997. U.S. Army. 2000. Explosive Destructive System Phase 1. Interim Test Report. Aberdeen, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization (Product Manager for Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel). U.S. Army. 2001a. Transportable Treatment Systems for Non-Stockpile Chemical Warfare Materiel. Final Programmatic Environmental Statement. Volume 1. Abderdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army. U.S. Army. 2001b. Emergency Destruction Plan for M139 Bomblets Filled with GB at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Colorado, using the Explosive Destruction System (EDS). Product Manager for Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel, Aberdeen, Md. Final Revision 3, January 2001. U.S. Army. 2001c. Interpretation of Waste Results from EDS GB Bomblet Destruction. Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Colo., February 2001. U.S. Army. 2001d. Waste Characterization from GBM139 Bomblet Destruction by EDS at Rocky Mountain Arsenal. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., April 2001. U.S. Army. 2001e. Draft Standing Operating Procedures (SOP), Explosive Destruction System (EDS) Phase 1, Unit 1 Operations, June 2001, Table 3–1. Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center. U.S. Army. 2001f. Summary of EDS Test Trials—GB, February 2, 2001. U.S. Army. 2001g. Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, 2001. Vol. 1. U.S. Army. 2001h. Documents from PMNSCM to NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program, May 8, 2001. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. 2001. National Toxicology Program Ninth Annual Report on Carcinogens. Utah State Department of Environmental Quality. 1998. Permit I.D. Number 52100990002, April 16, 1998. Wertejuk, Z., M.Koch, and W.Marciniak. 1998. “Recovered Old Arsenical and ‘Mustard’ Munitions in Poland.” In Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems in the Destruction of Old Arsenical and “Mustard” Munitions. J.F.Bunnett and M.Mikolaczyk, eds. Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Lodz, Poland, March 1996 . Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Winkler, P.C. 2001. Identification of the Solid Generated from the Silver II Process During the Destruction of Tetrytol, March 27. Golden, Colo.: Acculabs Research, Inc.