Appendixes



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 41
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System Appendixes

OCR for page 41
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System This page in the original is blank.

OCR for page 41
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members John B.Carberry, chair, is director of environmental technology for E.I.duPont de Nemours and Company, where he has been employed since 1965. He is responsible for providing technical analysis of existing and emerging environmental issues. Since 1988, he has been involved with initiatives to advance DuPont’s environmental excellence through changes in products, recycling of materials, and renewal of processes, with an emphasis on reducing waste and promoting affordable, publicly acceptable technologies for the abatement, treatment, and remediation of environmental pollution. Mr. Carberry is chairman of the Chemical Engineering Advisory Board at Cornell University, a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and a member of the Radioactive Waste Retrieval Technology Review Group for the U.S. Department of Energy. He was a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) Committee on Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics. He holds an M.S. in chemical engineering from Cornell University and an M.B.A. from the University of Delaware. John C.Allen is vice president of transportation at Battelle Memorial Institute. Prior to joining Battelle in 1983, he served as transportation economist and policy analyst with the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Office of Hazardous Materiel Transportation. Mr. Allen has managed and participated in numerous studies involving the policy, regulatory, institutional, and safety aspects of transporting hazardous and nuclear materials. He has served on various National Research Council (NRC) advisory panels and has been chairman of the Transportation Research Board’s Committee on Hazardous Materials Transportation for the past 4 years. He holds an M.B.A. in transportation from the University of Oregon and a B.A. in economics from Western Maryland College. Richard J.Ayen, a member of the NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (I and II), received his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois. Dr. Ayen, now retired, was director of technology for Waste Management, Inc. He has extensive experience in the evaluation and development of new technologies for the treatment of hazardous, radioactive, industrial, and municipal waste. Dr. Ayen managed all aspects of Waste Management’s Clemson Technical Center, including treatability studies and technology demonstrations for the treatment of hazardous and radioactive waste. His experience includes 20 years at Stauffer Chemical Company, where he was manager of the Process Development Department at Stauffer’s Eastern Research Center. Dr. Ayen has published extensively in his fields of interest. Robert A.Beaudet is chair of the NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (I and II). He received his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Harvard University and has served on U.S. Department of Defense committees that address offensive and defensive chemical warfare. Dr. Beaudet was chair of an Army Science Board committee that addressed chemical detection and trace gas analysis and for 2 years was chair of an Air Force technical conference on chemical warfare decontamination and protection. He also served on the NRC Committee on Chemical and Biological Sensor Technologies and the Committee on Energetic Materials and Science Technology. Most of his career has been devoted to research in molecular structure and molecular spectroscopy. Dr. Beaudet was a member of the Board on Army Science and Technology (BAST) and served as the BAST liaison to the Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Committee during the development of nine reports. He is the author or coauthor of more than 100 technical reports and papers. Lisa M.Bendixen is a principal in the environment and risk practice at Arthur D.Little, Inc. Since joining the company in 1980, Ms. Bendixen has been involved in risk manage-

OCR for page 41
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System ment and risk assessment studies for numerous industries. She is the secretary of the NRC Transportation Research Board’s Committee on Hazardous Materials and was the U.S. delegate to the International Electrotechnical Commission’s working group on risk analysis until early 1999. She was a member of the NRC Committee on Fiber Drum Packaging for Transporting Hazardous Materials and is past chair of the Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis Division of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). She has been involved in many studies on the chemical demilitarization of M55 rockets, including the identification and quantification of failure modes leading to agent release based on a generic disposal facility design; evaluations of sources of risk to separating agent from energetic components in the rocket; and preparation of criteria for evaluating storage, transportation, and on-site disposal options. Ms. Bendixen earned an M.S. in operations research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Joan B.Berkowitz, managing director of Farkas Berkowitz and Company, has extensive experience in environmental and hazardous waste management, technologies for the cleanup of contaminated soils and groundwater, and a strong background in physical and electrochemistry. She has contributed to several U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) studies, has been a consultant on remediation techniques, and has assessed various destruction technologies. Dr. Berkowitz is the author of numerous publications on hazardous waste treatment and environmental subjects. She was a member of the NRC Panel on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies and is currently a member of the NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (I and II). She has a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois in physical chemistry. Judith A.Bradbury, technical manager at Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, is currently evaluating public involvement programs across the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex. She previously completed a series of evaluations of the effectiveness of DOE’s 12 site-specific advisory boards and led an assessment of community concerns about incineration and perspectives on the U.S. Army Chemical Weapons Disposal Program. Dr. Bradbury is a member of the Risk Assessment and Policy Association. She earned a B.S. in sociology from the London School of Economics, an M.A. in public affairs from Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and a Ph.D. in public and international affairs from the University of Pittsburgh. A.Stan Davis is a strategic planning consultant operating in Greenville, South Carolina. He recently held the position of Strategic Planning Officer at the University of South Carolina, Spartanburg. Mr. Davis was selected for membership on this committee for his extensive experience in a variety of activities, including the engineering design of power generation components, the development of heat treatment and material vibration specifications, the deployment of statistical process control methods in a manufacturing environment, and the management of an environmental engineering organization that focused on environmental remediation. He also has extensive experience in strategic planning and leadership development. He graduated from Clemson University with a B.S. in mechanical engineering and from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute with a master’s degree in mechanical engineering. Martin C.Edelson has been a member of the staff at the Ames Laboratory since 1977 and is an adjunct associate professor of mechanical engineering at Iowa State University. His research interests include risk communication and the development of laser-based methods for materials processing and characterization. Dr. Edelson was a member of the Munitions Working Group and the DOE Laboratory Directors’ Environmental and Occupational/Public Health Standards Steering Group. He currently represents the Ames Laboratory on the DOE Strategic Laboratory Council and the Subsurface Contamination Focus Area Lead Laboratory. Dr. Edelson is a technical editor of Risk Excellence Notes, a publication funded by the DOE Center for Risk Excellence. He earned a B.S. in chemistry and an M.A. in physical chemistry from City College of New York and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Oregon. Sidney J.Green, a member of NAE, is chairman and chief executive officer of TerraTek, a geotechnical research and services firm in Salt Lake City focused on natural resource recovery, civil engineering, and defense problems. Before that, he worked at General Motors and the Westinghouse Research Laboratory. He has an extensive background in mechanical engineering, applied mechanics, materials science, and geoscience applications and is a former member of the NRC Geotechnical Research Board. He was named Outstanding Professional Engineer of Utah and is the recipient of the ASME Gold Medallion Award and the Lazan Award from the Society of Experimental Mechanics. Mr. Green received a degree in engineering mechanics from Stanford University and an M.S. from the University of Pittsburgh and a B.S. from the University of Missouri at Rolla, both in mechanical engineering. Paul F.Kavanaugh, an engineering management consultant, was the director of government programs for Rust International, Inc., and director of strategic planning for Waste Management Environmental Services. During his military service, he served with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, DOE, and the Defense Nuclear Agency and managed engineering projects supporting chemical demilitarization at Johnston Atoll. He earned a B.S. in civil engineering from Norwich University and an M.S. in civil engineering from

OCR for page 41
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System Oklahoma State University. Brigadier General Kavanaugh is a fellow of the Society of American Military Engineers. Todd A.Kimmell is principal investigator in the Environmental Assessment Division at Argonne National Laboratory. He is an environmental scientist and policy analyst. Mr. Kimmell was selected for membership on the committee for his expertise as an environmental regulatory and permitting specialist with more than 20 years of extensive experience in solid and hazardous waste management, program and policy development, chemical munitions, and explosives waste, as well as in many other activities related to regulatory and permitting issues. He graduated from the George Washington University with a master’s degree in environmental science. Douglas M.Medville recently retired from MITRE as program leader for chemical materiel disposal and remediation. He has led many analyses of risk, process engineering, transportation, and alternative disposal technologies and has briefed the public and senior military officials on the results. Mr. Medville led the evaluation of the operational performance of the Army’s chemical weapon disposal facility on Johnson Atoll and directed an assessment of the risks, public perceptions, environmental aspects, and logistics of transporting recovered nonstockpile chemical warfare materiel to candidate storage and disposal destinations. Before that, he worked at Franklin Institute Research Laboratories and General Electric. Mr. Medville earned a B.S. in industrial engineering and an M.S. in operations research, both from New York University. Winifred G.Palmer is a consultant in toxicology. She was a toxicologist for the U.S. Army between 1989 and 2000 at the Biological Research and Development Laboratory and the Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. Her work for the Army included assessment of health risks associated with chemical warfare agents, development of a military field water quality standard for the nerve agent BZ, development of the military standard for fog oil (an obscurant smoke), and studies of the mutagenicity of rifle emissions and the bioavailability of TNT in composts of TNT-contaminated soils. Dr. Palmer is a member of the Society of Toxicology, and her numerous publications span more than two decades of work in the field. She has a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Connecticut and a B.S. in chemistry and biology from Brooklyn College. George W.Parshall, a member of NAS, graduated from the University of Illinois with a Ph.D. in organic chemistry. After nearly 40 years of service, Dr. Parshall retired from E.I. duPont de Nemours and Company as director of chemical science in the Central Research and Development Division. He was selected for membership on this committee because of his experience in organic and inorganic chemistry and catalysis and in conducting and supervising chemical research. Dr. Parshall is a past member of the NRC Board on Chemical Science and Technology and the NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. James P.Pastorick is president of GEOPHEX UXO, Ltd., an unexploded ordnance (UXO) consulting firm based in Alexandria, Virginia, that specializes in UXO planning and management consulting to state and foreign governments. Since he retired from the U.S. Navy as an explosives ordnance disposal officer and diver in 1989, he has been working on civilian UXO clearance projects. Prior to starting his present company, he was the senior project manager for UXO projects at UXB International, Inc., and the IT Group. R.Peter Stickles graduated from Northwestern University with a Master of Science in chemical engineering. He retired after 27 years of service from Arthur D.Little, Inc., as a Principal in Global Environmental and Risk Practice. Mr. Stickles was selected for membership on this committee for his more than 35 years of experience in a variety of activities in the area of chemical process engineering, including development and project activities that specified the design of petrochemical plants based on the thermal cracking of hydrocarbons, and participation in the design and startup of plants to produce ethylene and alpha olefins. William J.Walsh is an attorney and partner in the Washington, D.C., office of Pepper Hamilton LLP. Prior to joining Pepper, he was as section chief in the EPA Office of Enforcement. His legal experience encompasses environmental advice and environmental injury litigation involving a broad spectrum of issues pursuant to a variety of environmental statutes, including the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). He represents trade associations, including the Biotechnology Industry Organization, in rule-making and other public policy advocacy; represents individual companies in environmental actions (particularly in negotiating cost-effective remedies in pollution cases involving water, air, and hazardous waste); and advises technology developers and users on taking advantage of the incentives for, and eliminating the regulatory barriers to, the use of innovative environmental technologies. He has previously served on NRC committees concerned with Superfund and RCRA corrective action programs and the use of appropriate scientific groundwater models in environmental regulatory programs and related activities. Mr. Walsh holds a J.D. from George Washington University Law School and a B.S. in physics from Manhattan College. Ronald L.Woodfin is a recently retired staff member of Sandia National Laboratories, where he coordinated work on mine countermeasures and demining, including sensor

OCR for page 41
Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Disposal of Liquid Wastes from the Explosive Destruction System development. He is currently an adjunct professor of math-ematics at Wayland Baptist University, Albuquerque Cam-pus. Previously, he worked at the Naval Weapons Center, Naval Undersea Center, and Boeing Commercial Airplane Division. Dr. Woodfin has been an invited participant at several international conferences on demining and has served on an advisory task force on humanitarian demining for the General Board of Global Ministries of the United Methodist Church. He also serves as pastor of Cedar Crest Baptist Church, Cedar Crest, New Mexico. Dr. Woodfin earned a B.S. in aerospace engineering from the University of Texas and an M.S. in aeronautics and astronautics and a Ph.D. in engineering mechanics from the University of Washington. He recently completed service on the Committee for Mine Warfare Assessment of the Naval Studies Board of the National Research Council.