the DRI reports were continuing to be published, and it developed the principles in this report not only to reflect published DRI reference values, but also to provide guidance on approaches that can be used as the science base evolves and new DRIs are established. This report addresses the aspects of nutrition labeling of food and dietary supplements that are currently included in laws regarding nutrition labeling in the United States and Canada. The committee includes a discussion of dietary supplement labeling because the same scientific principles apply to the derivation of the DRIs for conventional food and for dietary supplements. Consideration of the discretionary fortification of food focused on the DRIs, with special attention to the ULs in regard to vulnerable population groups.
The first four chapters in this report include the committee’s task, overviews of nutrition labeling and fortification in the United States and Canada, and a brief review of the history and concepts of the DRIs. It is within this context that the committee undertook its task of providing guidance on the best approach to develop reference standards for nutrition labeling of conventional food and supplements and for discretionary fortification based on the DRIs. Chapters 5 through 8 present the committee’s findings and recommended guiding principles, recommendations for data support and research, and supporting references. Appendix A provides brief biosketches of the committee members. Appendixes B and C, respectively, include illustrative examples of application of a population-weighted approach as discussed in Chapter 5 and reference tables. Appendix D provides the agendas of the two information-gathering workshops convened by the committee.