Riboflavin

Niacin (mg/d)d

Vitamin B6 (mg/d)

Folate (μg/d)d

Vitamin B12

Pantothenic Acid

Biotin

Choline (g/d)

Carotenoidse

 

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

 

ND

10

30

300

ND

ND

ND

1.0

ND

ND

15

40

400

ND

ND

ND

1.0

ND

 

ND

20

60

600

ND

ND

ND

2.0

ND

ND

30

80

800

ND

ND

ND

3.0

ND

ND

35

100

1,000

ND

ND

ND

3.5

ND

ND

35

100

1,000

ND

ND

ND

3.5

ND

 

ND

30

80

800

ND

ND

ND

3.0

ND

ND

35

100

1,000

ND

ND

ND

3.5

ND

 

ND

30

80

800

ND

ND

ND

3.0

ND

ND

35

100

1,000

ND

ND

ND

3.5

ND

dThe ULs for vitamin E, niacin, and folate apply to synthetic forms obtained from supplements, fortified foods, or a combination of the two.

eβ-Carotene supplements are advised only to serve as a provitamin A source for individuals at risk of vitamin A deficiency.

fND = Not determinable due to lack of data of adverse effects in this age group and concern with regard to lack of ability to handle excess amounts. Source of intake should be from food only to prevent high levels of intake.

SOURCE: IOM (1997, 1998, 2000b, 2001).



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