BOX 2-1
Selected Milestones in Nutrition Labeling in the United States

1906

Food and Drugs Act and Federal Meat Inspection Act

1938

Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act

1941

Special Dietary Food Regulations, including Minimum Daily Requirements

1957

Poultry Products Inspection Act

1969

White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health

1970

Egg Products Inspection Act

1973

Nutrition Labeling Regulations, including U.S. Recommended Daily Allowances (US RDAs)

1977

Dietary Goals for the United Statesa

1979

Healthy People: The Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Preventionb

1980

Dietary Guidelines for Americans (First Edition)c

1988

The Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Healthd

1989

Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Riske

1989

Recommended Dietary Allowances (Tenth Edition)f

1990

Nutrition Labeling: Issues and Directions for the 1990sg

1990

Reference Daily Intakes and Daily Reference Values, proposed rule

1990

Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA)

1991

Reference Daily Intakes and Daily Reference Values, proposed rule to implement NLEA

1992

Dietary Supplement Act

1993

Reference Daily Intakes and Daily Reference Values, final rule

1994

Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act

1997

Dietary Supplement Labeling Regulations

1997

Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act

2003

Addition of trans fatty acids to the Nutrition Facts box, final rule

a  

Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs (1977).

b  

DHEW (1979).

c  

USDA/DHEW (1980).

d  

DHHS (1988).

e  

NRC (1989a).

f  

NRC (1989b).

g  

IOM (1990).

products and to require affirmative label declaration of information about the nutrition content of food products (Hutt, 1984, 1995). The Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. §601), enacted on the same day as the Food and Drugs Act of 1906, also originated from concerns about adulteration, as well as unsanitary conditions.



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