Two or more data elements collected through a single mechanism, effort, or type of scientific investigation.


The processes by which humans proceed through life in individual ways that lead to new and more complex forms and progressive growth in capacities and functions.


The multiple factors within a subdomain that are measurable; for example, within the physical functioning subdomain, dimensions might include mobility, growth, and age-specific activities.


The broad categories of health. For this report, we divide health into three domains: health conditions, functioning, and health potential.


The set of factors external to a child. For purposes of this report, these factors are organization as the social environment (including family, community, culture, and discrimination) and the physical environment (including air, food, and water as well as aspects of the larger environment such as the built environment).


The range of factors that can pose a risk to children’s health or serve in a health-protecting or -promoting capacity. Influences, therefore, refer to risk, protective, and promotional factors.


Indicators of health or health influences that can assess the aspects of each dimension in order to quantify the quality of health. Measures may be single items or composites of items. For example within the growth dimension, a child’s height and weight are periodically measured.

Population Health

Population health refers to the aggregate measures of health for individuals within a population as well as the distribution of these measures across the major subpopulations in the population. That is, population health is reflected both as average levels of health as well as the variability in those levels across the population.


Aspects of the environment that contribute to health, including the physical environment (i.e., absence of lead levels in paint, pesticides or pollutants in the ground water, etc.), social environment (i.e., low neighborhood crime rates, rates of risky behaviors either by the children or adults), and psychological environment (i.e., the perception of being in personal danger).

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