TABLE E-1 Recent Quasi-Experimental Studies of the Effects of Health Insurance Coverage on Adults’ Health Outcomes, 2002-2008

Study

Data

Methodological Approach

Card et al. (2004)

The impact of nearly universal coverage on health care utilization and health: Evidence from Medicare

Cross-sectional survey data from the 1992-2001 NHIS; mortality data from NCHS Multiple Cause of Death files

Regression discontinuity analysis of general health status by age

Card et al. (2007)

Does Medicare save lives?

Cross-sectional state hospital discharge data from California from 1992-2002

Regression discontinuity analysis of mortality by age among acutely ill adults hospitalized for non-deferrable conditions

Decker and Rapaport (2002)

Medicare and inequalities in health outcomes: The case of breast cancer

SEER cancer registry data from 1980-1994 with followup mortality data

Difference-in-differences comparisons of stage of diagnosis and survival for white and black women with breast cancer before and after age 65

Decker (2005)

Medicare and the health of women with breast cancer

SEER cancer registry data from 1980-2001 with followup mortality data

Difference-in-differences comparisons of stage of diagnosis and survival for white, black, and Hispanic women with breast cancer before and after age 65

Decker and Remler (2004)

How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health?

Cross-sectional survey data from the 1997-1998 NHIS and the 1996-1997 NPHS

Difference-in-differences-in-differences comparison of general health status by age in the United States and Canada



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