jet fuels. Dr. Schobert was a member of the Energy Engineering Board at the National Research Council from 1990 to 1996.

Christopher R. Somerville is the director of the Energy BioSciences Institute in Berkeley, California. He oversees all activities at the institute, including research, communication, education, and outreach. He also chairs the institute’s Executive Committee. Dr. Somerville is a professor in the Department of Plant and Microbial Biology at the University of California, Berkeley, and a visiting scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. His research focuses on the characterization of proteins implicated in plant cell-wall synthesis and modification. He has published more than 200 scientific papers in plant and microbial genetics, genomics, biochemistry, and biotechnology. Dr. Somerville has served on the scientific advisory boards of many corporations, academic institutions, and private foundations in Europe and North America. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of London, and the Royal Society of Canada.

Gregory Stephanopoulos is Willard Dow Professor of Biotechnology and Chemical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The central focus of his research is metabolic engineering, the improvement of cellular properties using modern genetic tools with attention to industrial applications, and biomedical research aimed at the elucidation of key physiological differences that characterize disease states and can guide drug and therapy development. He has received numerous awards, including the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Wilhelm Award in Chemical Reaction Engineering (2001), the Marvin Johnson Award of the Biotechnology Division of the American Chemical Society (2000), the AIChE Food, Pharmaceutical & Bioengineering Division Award (1997), and the Technical Achievement Award of the AIChe Southern California section (1984). Dr. Stephanopoulos is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received a PhD in chemical engineering from the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

James L. Sweeney is the director of the Precourt Institute for Energy Efficiency and former chairman of the Department of Engineering–Economic Systems and Operations Research of Stanford University. He has been a consultant, director of the Office of Energy Systems, director of the Office of Quantitative Methods, and director of the Office of Energy Systems Modeling and Forecasting of the Federal Energy Administration. At Stanford University, he has been chairman

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