Biomass Type

Assumptions

Estimated Yield (tons/acre)

Reference

Switchgrass

Farm trials

 

 

Strains:

 

Alamo (1 cut)

5.4–8.5

Kanlow (1 cut)

5.2–6.9

Cave-in-rock (2 cut)

6–8.3

Switchgrass

U.S. average

4.2

McLaughlin et al. (2002)

Grasses

County-scale in Pacific Northwest

3.4–4.1 (perennial ryegrass)

Banowetz et al. (2008)

4.13–6.2 (tall fescue)

2.2–3.36 (creeping red fescue)

Miscanthus

Simulated

8.9

Khanna and Dhungana (2007)

Miscanthus

 

14.5 average

Khanna et al. (2008)

12–17 range

114.58 (20-year PV)

Miscanthus

Field experiment

5.71 (14-year)

Christian et al. (2008)

3.43–11.73 (3-year)

Miscanthus

 

4.5–13.4

Lewandowski et al. (2003)

Miscanthus

Projection

13.36 (mean)

Heaton et al. (2004b)

10.93–17.81

Miscanthus

Peer-reviewed articles

9.8

Heaton et al. (2004a)



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