Change and variability in sea ice during the 2007-2008 Canadian International Polar Year program. Climatic Change 115(1):115-133.

Barnston, A. G., H. M. van den Dool, D. R. Rodenhuis, C. R. Ropelewski, V. E. Kousky, E. A. O'Lenic, R. E. Livezey, S. E. Zebiak, M. A. Cane, T. P. Barnett, N. E. Graham, M. Ji, and A. Leetmaa. 1994. Long-lead seasonal forecasts—Where do we stand? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 75:2097-2114.

Barnston, A. G., M. K. Tippett, M. L. L’Heureux, S. Li, and D. G. DeWitt. 2012. Skill of real-time seasonal ENSO model predictions during 2002-11: Is our capability increasing? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93:631-651.

Bhatt, U. S., M. A. Alexander, C. Deser, J. E. Walsh, J. S. Miller. M. S, Timlin, J. Scott, and R. A. Tomas, 2008: The atmospheric response to realistic reduced summer sea ice anomalies. Geophysical Monographs 180:91-110.

Bhatt, U. S., D. A. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, J. C. Comiso, H. E. Epstein, G. Jia, R. Gens, J. E. Pinzon, C. J. Tucker, C. E. Tweedie, and P. J. Webber. 2010. Circumpolar Arctic Tundra Vegetation Change Is Linked to Sea Ice Decline. Earth Interactions 14(8): 1-20.

Black, R. X. 2002. Stratospheric forcing of surface climate in the Arctic Oscillation. Journal of Climate 15:268-277.

Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, E., C. M. Bitz, and M. M. Holland. 2011. Influence of initial conditions and climate forcing on predicting Arctic sea ice. Geophysical Research Letters 38:L18503, doi:10.1029/2011GL048807.

Bromwich, D., Y.-H. Kuo, M. Serreze, J. Walsh, L.-S. Bai, M. Barlage, K. Hines, and A. Slater. 2010. Arctic system reanalysis: Call for community involvement, Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 91(2):13.

Byrkjedal, Ø., I. Esau, and N. G. KvamstØ. 2008. Sensitivity of simulated wintertime Arctic atmosphere to vertical resolution in the ARPEGE/IFS model. Climate Dynamics 30:687-701.

Cohen, J., and J. Jones. 2011. Tropospheric precursors and stratospheric warmings. Journal of Climate 24:6562-6572.

Comiso, J. 2012. Large decadal decline of the Arctic multiyear ice cover. Journal of Climate 25:1176-1193.

Deming, J., and L. Fortier. 2011. Introduction to the special issue on the biology of the circumpolar flaw lead (CFL) in the Amundsen Gulf of the Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean). Polar Biology 34(12):1797-1801.

Deser, C., R. Tomas, M. Alexander, and D. Lawrence. 2010. The seasonal atmospheric response to projected Arctic sea ice loss in the late 21st century. Journal of Climate 23:333-351.

Deser, C., A. Phillips, V. Bourdette, and H. Teng. 2012: Uncertainty in climate change projections: The role of internal variability. Climate Dynamics 38:527-546.

Drobot, S. D., J. A. Maslanik, and C. Fowler. 2006. A long-range forecast of Arctic summer sea-ice minimum extent.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement