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24 OSHA inspectors may inspect at any time, and if violations Suggestion: Develop a practice that satisfies OSHA's are found, fines or prosecution may result. best practice requirement. Include procedures to initiate an emergency shutdown due to a leak alarm or system States and territories without an OSHA-approved plan malfunction. Also include requirements for PPE and proce- include Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, dures for training personnel on the use and repair of this Georgia, Guam, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, equipment. Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsyl- Compressed gas storage. Tanks that hold products vania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, West Virginia, such as compressed natural gas (CNG), automotive and Wisconsin. Each of these states, however, has rules and propane, oxygen, and acetylene are regulated by OSHA. regulations for workers. Management in these states must The local fire marshal also has jurisdiction. ensure that its maintenance operations fully comply with all Suggestion: Develop practices to ensure that portable applicable regulations. Penalties for noncompliance vary tanks--such as oxygen, acetylene, and propane tanks--are from state to state and include fines and possible criminal secured (i.e., chained to a wall or post or on a proper cart) to penalties. Contact the labor or employment section of your prevent falling over and damaging the shutoff valve and causing serious danger. particular state government for complete information on employee safety requirements. Right to know. OSHA has very explicit regulations Since these requirements are extensive and complex and governing employees' "right to know." As a result, vary by state, agencies are urged to use the OSHA contact agencies are required to inform employees and make information shown at the end of this section to determine available to them all information about hazardous which requirements apply to their particular operation. chemicals stored in the workplace. MSDSs are the most basic information source to use for this purpose. Federal law requires that chemical manufacturers produce and Facility Safety distribute Federally compliant MSDSs for each haz- ardous chemical that the manufacturers sell. OSHA Safety is a major concern in and around bus maintenance requires that current MSDSs be available for each haz- facilities. While facilities are under construction, the contractor ardous chemical and that employee training on this sub- and local buildings and safety inspectors are responsible for ject be documented. Information provided on the meeting OSHA or other industrial/commercial safety require- MSDSs typically includes the: ments. It becomes the transit agency's responsible to comply Chemical identity and common name; with those requirements once the facility is occupied. In gen- Physical and chemical characteristics; eral, most facilities fall under the following mandatory require- Physical hazards and health hazards, including expo- ments that affect transit agencies: sure symptoms; and First aid measures for hazardous exposure. Combustible liquids, such as battery electrolyte, fuels, petroleum solvents, welding gas, and heating oils. They Suggestion: Develop a practice for collecting or producing MSDSs and include procedures for periodic (e.g., monthly) are also regulated by the local fire marshal. inspections of all MSDSs information and taking inventory Suggestion: Develop practices that include procedures for of all chemicals on the agency's property by a qualified handling and disposing of combustible liquids and include person. Include the practice as part of the MSDSs training appropriate requirements for PPE (e.g., gloves and eye pro- documentation. tection equipment). USTs. Entry into these tanks for repair and maintenance Personal Safety are regulated as a "confined space entry" regardless of the products stored in the tanks. This section reviews requirements for employees' per- Suggestion: Develop practices that include procedures that sonal safety and includes the use of PPE such as eye protec- specify the safety requirements for persons entering a confined tion equipment, gloves, aprons, faces shields, and ear and space. Employees must have proper breathing and harness breathing protection equipment. Use of PPE is based on apparatuses, and a second person must be present as a "tender" established thresholds for personnel exposure to dust, PM, to remove the first person from the tank and call for assistance if the first person should encounter breathing problems. noise, chemicals, vapors, and other harmful conditions and may be more stringent than most agencies expect. For exam- Work requirements. When personnel are working on ple, eye protection equipment and face shields are required or with USTs and the substances contained therein, when operating shop equipment or hand tools. Head protec- OSHA requires that a best practice document be devel- tion equipment is also required when working under a vehi- oped that includes detailed operating instructions for cle. OSHA also requires that personnel exercise caution system piping, valves, gauges, and pumps. when performing steam-cleaning operations and when using