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Chapter 2 Current Context for Baggage Recheck This chapter summarizes the key market size and processes in place for baggage recheck facilities. International Arrivals Connection Market Current Size of Baggage Recheck Market Each year, CBP processes 76 million passengers at the top 30 U.S. airports for international arrivals traffic. Excluding those passengers precleared at 14 sites outside the United States, a review of U.S. Department of Transportation (U.S. DOT) data by the study team indicated that approximately 35 percent of passengers connect to another flight upon arrival at a U.S. airport (see Figure 1). The balance (65 percent) of international arrivals are considered to be "terminating passengers"--those who have no further flights from the arriving airport. For the purposes of this study, self-connecting passengers (i.e., a flight journey with two separate itineraries) and non-interlined connections are considered "terminating." Twenty-three million connecting passengers per year could have a demand for baggage recheck facilities, with the large majority (20 million) being domestic connections (e.g., London Heathrow to Chicago O'Hare to Las Vegas). A smaller number (3 million) of passengers are proceeding to an international flight (e.g., London Heathrow to Chicago to Cancun). Sizable Variation in Demand for International Arrival Connections In analyzing the market context for baggage recheck elimination, the study team conducted a site-by-site review of the demand for connections (see Figure 2). The review revealed an interesting dynamic between those airports with high volumes of international arrivals compared to a low percentage of onward connections (and vice versa). Of the 30 airports analyzed, two extreme examples of this dynamic are: New York, John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK)--Highest ranking in total interna- tional arriving passengers, but one of the lowest percentages of connections (16 percent) in the United States. Memphis (MEM)--A relatively low-volume site for international arrivals (28th in the United States) but the highest proportion of passengers with connections (80 percent of international arrivals connecting to other flights). The study team also reviewed the international traffic volumes with other traffic metrics to understand local operating characteristics. For example, although Memphis and Charlotte 10