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OCR for page 94
Appendix C Inventory of Current Recheck Procedures The first objective of the study is to understand and categorize the large variety of processes in use within the system today based on a major evolution of related government agencies who work with the federal inspection process. This is especially important given that the processes or technologies currently operated will impact the ability of alternative procedures to work effectively (e.g., different baggage processes for same terminal transfer versus different terminal transfers). The nation's busiest 30 airports represent 97.5 percent of all international passen- ger traffic; the majority of these facilities will be relevant to this study. In total, the study team looked at categorization based on airports, their FIS facilities, and connecting process flows: 30 Airports: Five process categories were developed to categorize the top 30 airports of inter- est to this study (based on a data review). The top 30 airports of entry used in this study composed over 97 percent of the total international arrivals into the United States (excluding Preclearance locations). 45 FIS Facilities: Within the top 30 airports there are 9 that have multiple FIS areas within the airport facilities. The multiple facilities can be housed within the same terminal (e.g., SFO) or across multiple terminal buildings (e.g., LAX, JFK). 60 Process Flows: Variations in the process depend upon the outbound flight sector at some airports (airports can have processes under multiple categories). For example, DFW has one FIS but can be classified under Category A for international-to-international connections and Category B for international-to-domestic connections. In total, 60 different process flow varia- tions were classified across the five categories. Category A: Same Terminal Connection Category A is the generic process that has passengers staying within the same terminal or connecting to another terminal through a secure-side corridor whether passenger screening is dedicated to connections or includes originating passengers. This process prevailed as the most common flow with 32 FIS facilities falling under this cat- egory. The process, as illustrated in Figure C-1, is the least complicated of the five categories identified. As such, solutions that benefit Category A facilities offer the greatest ability to realize benefits from the alternative procedures. The following FIS facilities were included within Category A: Boston Logan Dallas/Fort Worth Cleveland Detroit--McNamara Charlotte Douglas Fort Lauderdale Cincinnati Houston C-1

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C-2Elimination or Reduction of Baggage Recheck for Arriving International Passengers Figure C-1. Category A: Same terminal connection. JFK MSP--Lindbergh Terminal 1 JAL/AF Newark--Terminal C Terminal 3 Orlando--Airside 4 Terminal 4 Phoenix Sky Harbor Terminal 7 UA/BA Portland Terminal 8 AA Raleigh/Durham LAX Salt Lake City Terminal 2 San Juan Terminal 4 SFO Terminal 5 Terminal A Terminal 7 Terminal G Memphis Seattle-Tacoma Miami Washington Dulles--Infield E Pier J Pier San Francisco International Airport and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport were selected as two of the case study locations to provide a closer examination of the issues and potential alternative procedures related to Category A. Category B: Secure-Side People Mover Passengers recheck their baggage in the public area of the airport and proceed through TSA screening before boarding a people mover, shuttle bus, or landside bus to another terminal (Figure C-2). This category is the second largest category with 11 FIS facilities. The airside people mover, located after passenger screening but before enplanement, creates a potential bottleneck in the system and the adjoining public TSA screening queues due to the extended path that the passenger and rechecked baggage must travel to arrive at their departing gate. The following FIS facilities were included within Category B: HartsfieldJackson Atlanta Cleveland Cincinnati Figure C-2. Category B: Secure-side people mover.

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Inventory of Current Recheck Procedures C-3 Dallas/Fort Worth Denver Houston Newark--Terminal B Orlando--Airside 1 Philadelphia Portland Seattle-Tacoma HartsfieldJackson Atlanta International Airport and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport were selected as two of the case study locations to provide a closer examination of the issues and potential alternative procedures that relate to Category B. Note, however, that Atlanta will open a second FIS in 2012 and will have a hybrid model of Categories A and B. Category C: Public-Side People Mover Passengers are required to board a non-sterile people mover or shuttle bus after baggage recheck but before TSA passenger screening. Nine FIS facilities currently operate a connecting flow as illustrated in Figure C-3. This process presents an issue in that passengers are being transported across terminals without the ability to immediately proceed to their departure gate. The following FIS facilities were included within Category C: Chicago O'Hare Fort Lauderdale Las Vegas McCarran Los Angeles--Bradley Miami E Pier J Pier Phoenix Sky Harbor SFO Terminal A Terminal G The selection of San Francisco International Airport (international A Gates to domestic con- nections) was also chosen to provide a closer examination of the issues and potential alternative procedures that relate to Category C. Category D: People Mover to Recheck and Terminating Passengers connecting onward to domestic or international flights are required to approach the airlines check-in area to recheck their baggage as no recheck facility is offered (Figure C-4). Figure C-3. Category C: Public-side people mover.

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C-4Elimination or Reduction of Baggage Recheck for Arriving International Passengers Figure C-4. Category D: People mover to recheck & terminating. Only five facilities provided no baggage recheck facilities to connecting passengers. The lack of a baggage recheck facility offers a significant opportunity for improved connections processes to be introduced. The elimination or reduction in the need for baggage recheck would enable the air carriers to provide a better product to those transfer passengers as well as originating passengers at the check-in area. The following airports were included within Category D: Detroit--North Fort Lauderdale Honolulu Washington Dulles--Main Terminal MSP--Humphrey None of the case study locations were selected from Category D due to the limited number of facilities as well as the study team's existing familiarity with the Main terminal of Washington Dulles International Airport. Category E: Baggage Recheck Eliminated Airports within this category have already eliminated baggage recheck (Figure C-5), primarily for international-to-international connections only. Three airports are operating a model that eliminated baggage recheck. Of the three, Guam Inter- national Airport is the only one without the requirement across all air carriers. Both Hartsfield Jackson Atlanta and Dallas/Fort Worth offer this opportunity for Delta and American Airlines, respectively, on international-to-international routes. The following airports were included within Category E: Guam Dallas/Fort Worth HartsfieldJackson Atlanta Dallas/Fort Worth and HartsfieldJackson Atlanta were included as case study locations due to the unique opportunity they presented to further understand the process and requirements established to reduce baggage recheck. Figure C-5. Category E: Baggage recheck eliminated.