ABSTRACT B-1B Mortality from Diarrheal Disease Among Children Breastfed at Birtha

 

Breastfed Only

Weaned During This Period

Previously Weaned

Age, mo

Sample Size

Cases of Diarrhea/ 100/yrb

Diarrheal Deaths/ 1,000/yr

Sample Size

Cases of Diarrhea/ 100/yr

Diarrheal Deaths/ 1,000/yr

Sample Size

Cases of Diarrhea/ 100/yr

Diarrheal Deaths/ 1,000/yr

0–-2

524

136

 

3

267

 

NAc

NA

NA

3–5

380

124

 

4

100

 

3

267

 

6–8

196

184

 

8

350

 

4

100

 

9–11

91

128

 

11

291

 

7

171

 

0–11

 

 

23.5

 

 

0

 

 

(˜1,000.0)d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12–14

31

90

 

3

240

 

11

218

 

15–17

17

118

 

31

168

 

40

150

 

18–20

3

133

 

79

213

 

61

230

 

21–23

1

NRe

 

39

154

 

138

151

 

12–23

 

 

153.8

 

 

0

 

 

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24–26

1

NR

 

34

165

 

87

138

 

27–29

0

NR

 

21

133

 

120

87

 

24–29

 

 

NA

 

 

0

 

 

10

a From Gordon et al. (1963).

b The same child may have diarrhea more than one time during the year.

c NA = Not applicable.

d Four deaths occurred during 3.5 person-years of observation.

e NR = Not reported.

COMMENTS: Deaths for partially breastfed infants were not presented. Diarrhea increased with the initiation of supplemental foods among breastfed infants in 11 villages in Punjab, India, from 1955 to 1959. "No deaths occurred among cases in the immediate weaning period; fatalities occurred in cases of the late post weaning period. … The explanation would appear to be in the nutritional state of the child" (Gordon et al., 1963, p. 368).



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