Association of American Universities, 99

Australia, 88

Authors

honorary, 52–53

number per article, 54, 71

order of, 53

Authorship

inappropriate, 86–87

plagiarism and issues of, 54–55

recognition of contributions, 53–54

requirements of, 52, 140

specialized, 53

B

Bias

appropriate and inappropriate sources of, 46

in peer review situations, 141

Biomedical training programs, 129

Bush report, 68

C

Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, 152

Causes of misconduct, 30–31

Centers for Disease Control, 85

Clinical research

academic–industry collaboration in, 76–77

unique nature of, 31

Code of ethics.

See also Ethics adopted by individual disciplines, 39, 42

unwritten, 36–37

Collaborative research, 72

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP), 3, 22

Communication/publication issues

authorship and, 52–55

editors and, 55–56

overview of, 51–52

peer review and, 56

Computer technology.

See Information technology

Confidentiality, 107

Council of Graduate Schools (CGS), 91, 92

Courts, role in misconduct allegations and investigations, 115–116

D

Data.

See Research data

Definitions, 5–7, 27–30

Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), 84, 85, 108

regulations and procedures regarding misconduct allegations, 87–88, 99, 108–111

Disciplinary measures, 103–104

Disciplines, role of, 41–42

Disclosure, 78–79

Doctorates

increase in number of, 71

variations in length of training for, 61

Due process requirements

Constitutional requirements, 116–117

differences in university and government approach to, 113–114

elements of, 117–118

resolving misconduct cases and, 116–118

E

Edsall, John T., 131

Educational programs

to foster responsible research practices, 129

incorporation of ethics into, 130–133

panel recommendations regarding, 13, 146–147

Engineers, 71

Error correction, 18, 56–59



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