Ethics.

See also Code of ethics

approaches to teaching, 131–133

benefits of teaching, 130–131

Evidentiary standards, 113

F

Fabrication, 5, 27

False accusations, 121.

See also Whistle-blowers

False Claims Act, 84

Falsification, 5, 27

Federal research funds

increases in, 16, 33, 68, 71

standards for recipients of, 85

Feynman, Richard, 37

Food and Drug Administration (FDA), 85

Foreign students, 61

Fraud

first public examination of, 98

legal definition of, 25, 34

legislative requirement, 99

Freedom of Information Act, 151

G

Germany, 88

Gift authorship, 52–53

Gore, Albert, 98

Government agencies.

See also individual agencies

handling of misconduct allegations by, 112–115

panel recommendations for, 14–15, 147–150

policies and procedures to handle misconduct allegations, 9–10, 20, 100–101, 108–112

regulations of, 44–45, 49, 98–101

sanctions imposed by, 118–119

statistics on misconduct provided by, 20, 81–84

Great Britain, 88

Guidelines for conduct of research.

See Research conduct guidelines

H

Harassment

handling allegations of, 29

as other misconduct, 86

panel recommendations regarding, 15, 149

Harvard Medical School, 55, 135

Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (P.L. 100–504), 108

Honor in Science (Sigma Xi), 54, 131, 134, 137

Honorary authors, 52–53

Huth, E., 71

Hypotheses

explanation of, 38

formulation and testing of, 58

I

India, 88

Industry

cooperation between academic institutions and, 76–77

role in interdisciplinary research, 73

Information technology, 51

Inquiries.

See Misconduct inquiries

Inspector General Act Amendments of 1988, 111

Institutions.

See Academic institutions;

Research institutions

Integrity of research process

definition of, 4, 17, 24–25

methods of ensuring, 20–22

panel recommendations regarding, 13, 145–147

safeguards to, 18

Integrity of science, 25

Intellectual freedom

balance of accountability and, 11–12, 123

panel conclusions regarding, 123–124

Intellectual property rights

disputes over, 19



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