deficiency, 47, 48, 53-54

documentation of nutrient requirements, 87, 89, 95, 98, 105

in feeds, 63, 65

in wheat diet, 69

Blood meal

amino acid digestibility coefficients, 74

nutrient composition of, 72-63, 66

Bobwhite quail, 45, 112

Bone development

in Leghorn-type pullet, 21

mineral requirements, 14

nutrient deficiencies and, 49, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57

vitamin D in, 50-51

Bone meal

amino acid composition of, 72

element concentrations in, 78

Boron, 15

Breeding diets

biotin in, 54

broiler chickens, 32-34

iodine in, 57

Japanese quail, 45

Leghorn-type laying chickens, 26

turkeys, 38, 39

zinc in, 57

Brewer's grains, nutrient composition of, 72-63, 66, 113

Broadbeans, nutrient composition of, 72-63, 66

Broiler breeder chickens

amino acid/protein requirements, 32-33, 34

documentation of nutrient requirements, 97-98

energy consumption, 33, 34

feed intake, 32

hens, 32-33

males, 33-34

mineral requirements, 33, 34

nutrient requirements, 32

vitamin requirements, 33

Broiler chickens

age of, and nutrient requirements, 27

amino acid requirements, 27-29

documentation of nutrient requirements, 90-96

energy intake, 8

fat utilization, 7

fatty acid requirements, 32

feed intake, 26

feed utilization vs. weight gain, 26-27

gender differences, 27

market weights, 26

mineral requirements, 27, 29-31

nutrient interactions in, 27

nutritional modeling for, 1

protein requirements, 27

vitamin requirements, 27, 31-32

water intake, 16

Buckwheat, nutrient composition of, 72-63, 66

Bushel weights of grains, 61, 68

C

Cadmium, toxicity of, 59

Calcium

biochemical role of, 14

Bobwhite quail requirements, 45

broiler breeder chicken requirements, 33, 34

broiler chicken requirements, 29, 30

deficiency, 47, 56

documentation of nutrient requirements, 85, 88, 93, 98, 102-103, 105, 106, 107, 109, 111, 112

duck requirements, 43

excesses of, 14

in feeds, 72, 64, 78

geese requirements, 41

in laying hen diet, 25

in Leghorn-type pullet growth, 22

in phase-feeding program, 24

toxicity to pheasant chicks, 44

turkey requirements, 38

vitamin D and, 50, 51

Calcium carbonate, 78

Calcium phosphate, 78

Calcium sulfate, 78

Calorie, definition of, 3

Canola

amino acid composition of, 71

amino acid digestibility coefficients, 74

nutrient composition of, 72-63, 66, 70

Carbohydrates

metabolizable energy values of, 75, 76-77

sources of, 8-9

ß-Carotene

as pigmenting agent, 17

as vitamin A, 15, 50

Carotenoids

for pigmentation, 17, 50

Casein

amino acid digestibility coefficients, 74

nutrient composition of, 72-63, 66

Cereal grains

bushel weight ranges, 61, 68

as carbohydrate source, 8-9

metabolizable energy of, 61, 72, 64, 113

nutrient composition of, 61-69

Chickens

standard reference diets for, 80-81

See also Broiler chickens;

Broiler breeder chickens;

Leghorn-type

chickens;

Symptoms of nutrient deficiency

Chloride

biochemical role of, 14

in egg production, 25

toxicity, 59

Chlorine

broiler breeder chicken requirements, 33

deficiency, 47, 57

documentation of nutrient requirements, 86, 88, 94, 98, 103

in feeds, 72, 64, 78



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