TABLE 10-1 Formulas for Reference Diets for Chicks

Ingredient

Practical Dieta

Soy Isolate Dietb

Chemically Casein Dietc

Chemically Defined Diet Id

Defined Diet IIe

Ground yellow corn (8.8% protein)(g/kg)

580

Soybean meal (48.5% protein)(g/kg)

350

Isolated soybean protein (g/kg)

250

Casein (g/kg)

200

DL-Methionine (g/kg)

2.5

6

5

L-Arginine (g/kg)

10

Glycine (g/kg)

4

20

Crystalline amino acids (g/kg)

204.8f

286g

Corn oil (g/kg)

30

40

30

50–150

150

Starch (g/kg)

6.5–1 kg

558–1 kg

205

Dextrose (g/kg)

6.08–1 kg

678–1 kg

Sucrose (g/kg)

154

 

Cellulose (g/kg)

30

30

30

Sawdust (g/kg)

100

Choline chloride (100%) (g/kg)

0.75

2

2

2

1.625

Thiamin HCl (mg/kg)

1.8

15

20

20

1.6

Riboflavin (mg/kg)

3.6

15

10

10

5

Calcium pantothenate (mg/kg)

10

20

30

30

15

Niacin (mg/kg)

25

50

50

50

35

Pyridoxine HCl (mg/kg)

3

7.8

6

6

6

Folacin (mg/kg)

0.55

6

4

4

1.5

Biotin (mg/kg)

0.15

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.1

Vitamin B12 (mg/kg)

0.0

0.02

0.04

0.04

0.03

Inositol (mg/kg)

100

100

100

Para-aminobenzoic acid (mg/kg)

2

2

2

Ascorbic acid (mg/kg)

250

250

Vitamin A (IU/kg)

1,500

4,500

5,200

5,200

1,880

Vitamin D3 (ICU/kg)

400

450

600

600

375

Vitamin E (IU/kg)

10

50

20

20

31.3

Vitamin K (mg/kg)

0.55

1.5

2

2

1.3

Antioxidant (mg/kg)h

125

100

12-5

Iodized salt (g/kg)

5

NaCl (g/kg)

6

8.8

8.8

2.75

CaCO3 (g/kg)

10

14.8

3

3

15

CaHPO4·2H2O (g/kg)

20

20.7

30

Ca3(PO4)2 (g/kg)

28

28

MgSO4·7H2O (g/kg)

6

3.5

3.5

MgCO3 (g/kg)

2.38

KH2 PO4 (g/kg)

10

9

9

K2CO3 (g/kg)

5.25

NaHCO3 (g/kg)

5

Al(OH)3 (g/kg)

5

KCl (g/kg)

1

MnSO4·H2O (mg/kg)

170

350

650

650

MnCO3 (mg/kg)

91.5

ZnSO4·H2O (mg/kg)

110

ZnCO3 (mg/kg)

150

100

100

ZnO (mg/kg)

25

Fe2(SO4)3·7H2O

500

250

Ferric citrate (mg/kg)

500

500

500

CuSO4·5H2O (mg/kg)

16

30

20

20

15.5

Na2SeO3 (mg/kg)

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.23

KI (mg/kg)

40

40

KIO3 (mg/kg)

2

0.6

CoCl2 (mg/kg)

1.7

CoSO4·7H2O (mg/kg)

1

1

1

H3BO3 (mg/kg)

9

9

9

Na2MoO4·2H2O (mg/kg)

8.3

9

9

2.5

NOTE: Dash indicates a zero value for the ingredient.

a National Research Council (1977).

b Scott et al., 1982.

c Halpin and Baker, 1986.

d Baker et al., 1979. The vitamin mix shown in the table differs slightly from the one in the cited reference because of modification in recent years.

e Blair et al., 1977.

f 11.5 g L-arginine · HCl, 4.5 g L-histidine HCl · H2O, 11.4 g L-lysine HC1, 4.5 g L-tyrosine, 1.5 g L-tryptophan, 5 g L-phenylalanine, 3.5 g DL-methionine, 3.5 g L-cystine, 6.5 g L-threonine, 10 g L-leucine, 6 g L-isoleucine, 6.9 g L-valine, 6 g glycine, 4 g L-proline, 120 g L-glutamic acid.

g 16.9 g L-arginine, 14.1 g glycine, 5.6 g L-histidine, 11.3 g L-isoleucine, 19.7 g L-leucine, 17.6 g L-lysine · HCl, 7.8 g DL-methionine, 2.0 g L-cystine, 9.9 g L-phenylalanine, 9.9 g L-tyrosine, 2.8 g L-tryptophan, 9.9 g L-threonine, 12.1 g L-valine, 36.2 g L-aspartic acid, 100 g L-glutamic acid, 9.9 g L-proline.

h Ethoxyquin or butylated hydroxy toluene.



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