and HIV seroprevalence rates, 40, 64, 69, 70, 203

and sexual behavior, 49, 63-66, 80, 118, 203-204

Amyl nitrite, 49

Anal intercourse, 4, 48-49, 51, 99, 118

Anal warts, 4, 50

Animal models, 16, 18, 79, 133, 151

Antiaddictive drugs, 82

Antinarcotic drugs, 15, 18, 152

Antipsychotic drugs, 15, 18, 152

Anxiety, 15, 140, 141, 144

Applied research, 24, 25, 188, 189

Aseptic meningitis, 12, 125

Asia, 51

Astrocytes, 13, 128, 130

Asymptomatic stage. See Latency period

Avoidant coping, 16, 143.

See also Cognitive coping strategies;

Coping behavior

AZT (zidovudine), 18, 138, 152

B

Backloading, 55

Basic research, 2, 24-25, 40, 188, 189

deficiencies in, 2, 40-41

funding allocations for, 190-191

See also Theoretical models

Behavioral epidemiology, viii, 3, 5, 30, 33, 41, 226, 237-238

Behavior change interventions, 2, 9-10, 28, 30, 40, 41, 83, 98-121, 203, 220, 229, 252

community focus, 9, 114-116, 212-213, 214

evaluation of, 10, 11, 33, 119-121, 122, 123, 203, 216, 238

individual focus, 9, 88-89, 99, 108-111, 114

injection drug use, 111, 114, 116, 212-213, 214

maintenance, 9, 10, 11, 41, 116-119, 122, 123

models of, 9, 10, 83-88, 98-99, 118-119, 121-122, 227

research support, 11, 123

sexual behavior, 99, 108-111, 114-115

study examples, 100-109

See also Preventive interventions;

Relapse prevention

Bereavement, 16, 145

support services, 145, 244

Biomedical/biobehavioral research, 24, 188

NIAAA activities, 25-26, 201-203

NIDA activities, 27-28, 209-210

NIMH activities, 30, 225-226

Bleach 215, 250

Blood, 1, 39, 51, 53, 58, 66

Blood-brain barrier, 13, 133

Blood transfusion, 1, 39, 52, 66

Booting, 53-54

Brain, 3, 6, 12, 13, 17, 42, 78, 80, 124

Budget process, 3, 20, 42, 157-158, 171-172, 173, 185

of ADAMHA, 21, 171, 172-175

of NIAAA, 21, 174, 175-176

of NIDA, 21, 174, 175-176

of NIH, 20-21, 168, 169-172, 175-176

of NIMH, 21, 174, 175-176

See also Funding for HIV/AIDS research and programs

Butyl nitrite, 49

C

California Partners' Study, 50-51

Caregiving, 16-17, 30, 145-151

coping behavior of, 19, 141, 147, 148, 153

formal, 17, 148-149, 150

informal, 16-17, 146-148

mental health of, 16-17, 146-149, 149-151

research recommendations, 19, 149-151, 153

stress, 15, 17, 30, 150

Cases of AIDS. See Incidence;

Prevalence

Center for AIDS Intervention Research (CAIR), 231

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), 145, 227, 230, 231, 251 -252

Center for Biopsychosocial Study of AIDS, 230

Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS), vi, 20, 35, 163, 166, 241 , 243-244, 254



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