woven decorative fabrics that are bonded to cabin liner panels.


polymers that soften and flow upon application of heat.


polymers that, when heated, react irreversibly so that subsequent applications of heat do not cause them to soften and flow.

Toxicity models:

describe the toxic potency of fire atmospheres based on the toxicological interactions of the main combustion gases present.

Toxic potency:

a quantitative expression relating concentration (of smoke or combustion gases) and exposure time to a particular degree of adverse physiological response (e.g., the death on exposure of humans or animals) (ASTM, 1994).

Ultimate loads:

design loads corresponding to limit loads (typical flight loads) multiplied by a margin of safety (typically 1.5).

Zone models:

fire models in which compartments are subdivided into control volumes or zones. Conservation of mass, energy, and momentum is applied to each zone using algebraic representations or ordinary differential equations.


ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). 1994. Standard Terminology of Fire Standards. Pp. 471–475 in Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.07, ASTME-176. Philadelphia, Pa.: ASTM.

FAA (Federal Aviation Administration). 1990. The Materials Fire Testing Handbook. DOT/FAA/CT-89/15. Atlantic City, N.J.: FAA Technical Center.

Murray, T.M. 1995. (The Boeing Company) Airplane accidents and fires. Pp. 7–23 in Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors: A Proceedings. National Materials Advisory Board report NMAB-477-2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement