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1. Prandtl, L. and Betz, A. “Der induzierte Widerstand von Flügeln mit Endscheiben”, Ergebnisse der Aerodynamischen Versuchsanstalt zu Göttingen, III. Lieferung. Verlag R. Oldenburg, München und Berlin, 1927.

2. Whitcomb, R. “A Design Approach and Selected Wind-Tunnel Results at High Subsonic Speeds for Wing-Tip Mounted Winglets”, NASA Langley Research Center, Technical Note, NASA, 1976.

3. Andersen, S.Vogt and Andersen, P. “Hydrodynamic Design of Propellers with Unconventional Geometry”, Trans. of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, Vol. 129, 1987, pp. 201–221.

4. Itoh, S., Tagori, T., Ishii, N. & Ide, T.: “Study of the Propeller with Small Blades on the Blade Tips (1st Report ”, Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan . Vol. 159, June 1986, pp. 82–89.

5. Itoh, S. “Study of the Propeller with Small Blades on the Blade Tips (2nd Report) ”, Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan, Vol. 161, June 1987, pp 82–91.

6. Gómez, G.P. and Gonzáles-Adalid, J. “Tip Loaded Propellers (CLT). Justification of their Advantages over Conventional Propellers Using the Momentum Theory”, International Shipbuilding Progress, Vol. 42, No. 429, April 1995, pp. 5–60.

7. de Jong, K. “On the Optimization and the Design of Ship Screw Propellers with and without End Plates”, Thesis. University of Groningen, Department of Mathematics, November 1991.

8. de Jong, K., Sparenberg, J., Falcão de Campos, J. and van Gent, W. “Model Testing of an Optimally Designed Propeller With Two-Sided Shifted End Plates on the Blades”, Proceedings of Nineteenth Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 1994, pp. 461–475.

9. Andersen, P. and Schwanecke, H. “Design and Model tests of Tip Fin Propellers”, Trans. of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects , Part B, Vol. 134, 1992, pp. 315–328.

10. Kerwin, J.E., Coney, W.B and Hsin, C.-Y. “Optimum Circulation Distributions for Single-and Multi-Component Propulsors”. Proceedings of Twenty-First American Towing Tank Conference (ATTC) National Academy Press, Washington D.C., 1986, pp. 53–62.

11. ITTC-78. “Report of the Performance Committee”, Proceedings of the 15th International Towing Tank Conference. Netherlands Ship Model Basin, Wageningen, 1978, pp. 359– 404.

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