APPENDIX A
Aviation and Related Acronyms

3-D

three-dimensional

4-D

four-dimensional


AAS

advanced automation system

AATT

advanced air transportation technology

ACARS

aircraft communication addressing and reporting system

ACT

adaptive control of thought

ADS

automatic dependent surveillance

ADS-B

automatic dependent surveillance - broadcast mode

AERA

automated en route air traffic control

AFSS

automated flight service station

AIDC

air traffic control interfacility data communication

AILS

airborne information for lateral spacing

AM

amplitude modulation, arrival manager

AMASS

airport movement area safety system

AOAS

advanced oceanic automation system

AOC

airline operations center

AOD

airline operations department

ARSR

air route surveillance radar

ARTCC

air route traffic control center

ARTS

automated radar terminal system

ASDE

automated surface detection equipment

ASOS

automated surface observing system

ASRS

aviation safety reporting system



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OCR for page 289
The Future of Air Traffic Control: Human Operators and Automation APPENDIX A Aviation and Related Acronyms 3-D three-dimensional 4-D four-dimensional AAS advanced automation system AATT advanced air transportation technology ACARS aircraft communication addressing and reporting system ACT adaptive control of thought ADS automatic dependent surveillance ADS-B automatic dependent surveillance - broadcast mode AERA automated en route air traffic control AFSS automated flight service station AIDC air traffic control interfacility data communication AILS airborne information for lateral spacing AM amplitude modulation, arrival manager AMASS airport movement area safety system AOAS advanced oceanic automation system AOC airline operations center AOD airline operations department ARSR air route surveillance radar ARTCC air route traffic control center ARTS automated radar terminal system ASDE automated surface detection equipment ASOS automated surface observing system ASRS aviation safety reporting system

OCR for page 289
The Future of Air Traffic Control: Human Operators and Automation ASP arrival sequencing program ASR airport surveillance radar ASTA airport surface traffic automation ATC air traffic control ATCSCC air traffic control system command center ATIDS aircraft target identification system ATIS airport terminal information service ATM air traffic management AWOS automated weather observing system CA conflict alert CAATS Canadian automated air traffic system CAMI Civil Aeromedical Institute CDC computer display channel CDTI cockpit display of traffic information CDU control display unit CENA Centre D'études del la navigation aérienne CMM capacity maturity model COMPAS Computer-oriented metering planning and advisory system COTS commercial off-the-shelf CP conflict prediction tool (may include URET, AERA functions) CPDL controller to pilot data link CR conflict resolution advisor (may include URET, AERA functions) CRDA converging runway display aid CRM crew resource management CRT cathode ray tube CSCW computer-supported cooperative work CT cooperative tools CTAS center TRACON automation system CWSU center weather service unit DA descent advisor DARC direct access radar channel DBRITE digital bright radar indicator tower equipment DCC display channel complex DGPS differential global positioning system DM departure manager DoD Department of Defense DOTS dynamic ocean tracking system DSR display system replacement DUATS direct user access terminal system

OCR for page 289
The Future of Air Traffic Control: Human Operators and Automation EDARC enhanced direct access radar channel EEC Eurocontrol experimental center EFIS electronic flight instrument system EFMS experimental flight management system ERM en route metering ERT emergency reaction time ESP en route spacing program ETMS enhanced traffic management system FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAATC Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center FAR Federal Aviation Regulations FAST final approach spacing aid FDIO flight data input output system FDP flight data processing FM frequency modulation FMA final monitor aid FMC flight management computer FMS flight management system FPM flight path monitor FSS flight service station GPS global positioning system GPWS ground proximity warning system GSD graphic situation display GWDS graphic weather display system HIPS highly integrated problem solver HSI horizontal situation indicator IBLS integrity beacon landing system IFR instrument flight rules ILS instrument landing system IPT integrated product team ITWS integrated terminal weather system LAAS local area augmentation system LLWAS low-level wind shear alerting system LOS loss of separation LVLAS low-visibility landing and surface MAMS military airspace management system MCC maintenance control center

OCR for page 289
The Future of Air Traffic Control: Human Operators and Automation MLS microwave landing system MSAW minimum safe altitude warning MWP meteorologist weather processor NAS national airspace system NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA-TLX National Aeronautics and Space Administration task load index NARSIM NLR air traffic control research simulator NDI nondevelopmental item NEXRAD next generation radar NIMS national airspace system infrastructure management system NM negotiations manager NMAC near-midair collision NMCC national maintenance coordination center NOCC national operations control center NTSB National Transportation Safety Board NWS National Weather Service OAP oceanic automation program OASIS operability and supportability implementation system OCC operations control center ODAPS oceanic display and planning system ODID operational display and input development ODL oceanic data link PATS PHARE advanced tool set PFD primary flight display PGG plan and goal graph PHARE program for harmonised air traffic management research in Eurocontrol PIREPS pilot reports PRM precision runway monitor PS problem solver PVD plan view display R&D research and development RA resolution advisory RBDT ribbon display terminal RDP radar data processing RNAV area navigation RRT recovery response time RT radiotelephone

OCR for page 289
The Future of Air Traffic Control: Human Operators and Automation RTCA formerly the Radio Technical Committee on Aeronautics RWSL runway status lights SAMS special-use airspace management system SATORI situation assessment through recreation of incidents SDTF surface development and test facility SIMMOD airport and airspace simulation model SIMNET simulation network SMA surface movement advisor STAR studies, tests, and applied research STARS standard terminal automation replacement system TACAN tactical navigation TAP terminal area productivity TCAS traffic alert and collision avoidance system TDWR terminal Doppler weather radar TLS tactical load smoother TMA traffic management advisor T-NASA taxi navigation and situation awareness TP telecommunications processor, trajectory predictor TRACON terminal radar approach control TTT total transmission time TVSR terminal voice switch replacement TWIP terminal weather information for pilots UAT universal access transceiver URET user request evaluation tool VFR visual flight rules VSCS voice switching communication system WAAS wide area augmentation system WARP weather and radar processor WSP weather systems processor