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Page 260 Appendix C Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons
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Page 261 Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons Agent Effects Onset First Aid Nerve Agents GA (Tabun), ethyl N,N-dimethyl-phosphoramidocyanidate Miosis, rhinorrhea, dyspnea, convulsions seconds to minutes Atropine, pralidoxime, anticonvulsants, ventilation GB (Sarin), isopropyl-methylphosphorofluoridate GD (Soman), Trimethylpropylmethylphosphorofluoridate GF, cyclohexyl-methylphosphorofluoridate VX, o-ethyl S-[2-(diiospropylamino)ethyl]methylphosphorofluoridate Vesicants H, HD (mustard), bis-2-chlorethyl sulfide Erythema, blisters, eye irritation, dyspnea minutes to hours Decontamination, topical antibiotics, bronchodilators, ventilation CX (Phosgene oxime), dichloroformoxime L (Lewisite), J-chlorovinyldichloroarsine British antilewisite Cyanide AC (Hydrocyanic acid) Loss of consciousness, convulsions, apnea minutes Nitrites, sodium thiosulfate CK (Cyanogen chloride) Pulmonary Agents CG (phosgene), carbonyl chloride Dyspnea, coughing minutes to hours Oxygen, ventilation, bronchodilators DP (Diphosgene), trichloromethylchlorformate Continued on next page
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Page 262 Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons (Continued) Agent Effects Onset First Aid Riot Control Agents CS, 2-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile Burning stinging of eyes, nose, airway, vomiting seconds to minutes Water for eyes, skin, bronchodilators, oxygen, ventilation for lungs CN, 1-chloroacetophenone CR, dibenz (b,F)-1:4-oxazepine CA, bromobenzylcyanide DM, diphenylaminearsine DA, diphenylchlorarsine DC, diphenylcyanoarsine Opioids Carfentanil Dyspnea, ataxia, catatonia minutes Naloxone, nalmefene, naltrexone, ventilation Sufentanil Anesthetics Chloroform Analgesia, loss of reflexes and conciousness minutes Ventilation Halothane Cyclopropane Ether Antimuscarinics BX, 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate mydriasis, erythema, ataxia, delirium 1 hour Tacrine, physostigmine Cholinergics Nicotine Weakness, tremors, apnea, convulsions minutes Mecamylamine Epibatidine Anatoxin A
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