. "6. Resources for Research in Materials Science and Engineering." Materials Science and Engineering for the 1990s: Maintaining Competitiveness in the Age of Materials. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1989.
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Materials Science and Engineering for the 1990s: Maintaining Competitiveness in the Age of Materials
by the Air Force (50 percent), the Army (25 percent), the Navy (15 percent), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (10 percent). More than 80 percent of the work is conducted by industrial and university groups. Materials science and engineering work is also conducted in about 124 industrial laboratories under the independent research and development (IR&D) programs. These programs are not directly sponsored or required by a DOD contract or grant; the costs are reimbursed by DOD through overhead accounts. In total, DOD funding supports a significant portion of the nation’s science and engineering base.
Programs funded by DOD are often directed toward specific applications. Table 6.3, from the Office of Research and Advanced Technology, lists some of the mission areas, technology needs, and thrusts of the DOD’s Materials and Structures Science and Technology Program. In many cases, the mission areas are unique, the technological demands rigorous, and the costs irrelevant,
TABLE 6.3 DOD Materials and Structures Science and Technology Program