Appliances, 20

Aqueous precipitation, 80

Argonne National Laboratory, 181, 265

Army Department, 169, 179

Aromatic polyamide polymers, 83, 92, 250

Artificial intelligence, 124

Artificially structured materials

analysis and modeling, 273

fabrication, 4, 51, 121, 123

research opportunities, 125–26, 236–37

ASM International, 34, 157

Association for Media-Based Continuing Education for Engineers, 158

Atomic Energy Commission, 176

Atomic layer epitaxy, 223

Atomistic studies

analysis and modeling, 270–73

instrumentation, 74

performance, 114, 243, 246

Atom probe, 267

Attrition process, 81

Auger spectrometer, 135, 261, 264

Automotive industry

economic impact, 36–37

materials processing role, 228

materials role, 6, 20, 38, 43

materials synthesis role, 217–18

needs and opportunities, 39, 43, 70–73

research opportunities, 43–44

scope, 42

survey overview, 3, 35–36

B

Basic Research in Industrial Technologies for Europe (BRITE), 198

Basic Technology for Future Industries Project (Japan), 194

Batteries, 218

Bauer, 266

Beam scattering, 267–68

Bednorz, J.Georg, 100

Bell laboratories, 173, 214, 261, 263, 264

Binnig, G., 255, 262

Biological and Radiation Physics section, DOE, 265

Biologically derived materials, 106

Biomaterials industry, 27

economic impact, 36–37

foreign countries’ priorities, 167, 204

materials role, 38, 45

needs and opportunities, 39, 46, 70–73

research opportunities, 47–48, 103–8

scope, 45

survey overview, 3, 35–36

Bloch, Erich, 255

Bonding mechanism, 32

Boron nitride, 222

Brazil, 226

Brookhaven National Laboratory, 180–82, 265

Bulk forms, 129

Bureau of Mines, 166, 197

Business Week magazine, 172

C

Cadmium telluride, 133

Canada, 186, 188–89, 199

Carbon, 106

Carrier mobilities, 126

Casting processes, 128–29

Catalytic converters, 122

Catalytic processes, 223

Centers for materials research. See Funding and institutions

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 191

Ceramic materials

aerospace applications, 42

automotive applications, 43, 44

biomedical applications, 45, 106

chemical industry applications, 50

engine applications, 20

fabrication research areas, 80–82, 121

injection molding, 130

materials processing role, 225, 235–36

materials removal, 131

materials synthesis role, 212, 213, 217–18, 220

molecular precursors, 126–27, 220–21

new structures, 127

packaging technology, 91–92, 122, 220

properties, 113

rapid solidification processes, 80, 110, 129

research needs and opportunities, 75, 184

shape-limited synthesis, 222

superconducting materials, 99–103

toughening processes, 81, 236, 248

Ceramic-polymer layers, 92

Characterization facilities, 118, 163, 214



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