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DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF THE VA National Formulary References Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy (AMCP). Where We Stand . Alexandria, VA: AMCP; 1997. Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy. Common practices in formulary management system. Acad. Managed Care Pharm. Newsl . In press. Achusim LE. Therapeutic interchange as a cost-containment measure. Pharmaco-Economics . 1992; 2(5):347–351. Aetna US Health Care. Members and Consumers. 2000 Precertification List [on line] . Available at: http://www.aetnaushc.com/products/rx/precert_00.html. American Association of Health Plans (AAHP). Formularies . Washington, DC: AAHP; 1998. American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP). ACCP position statement guidelines for therapeutic interchange. Pharmacotherapy . 1993; 13(3):252–256. American College of Physicians (ACP). Therapeutic substitution and formulary systems. Ann. Intern. Med. 1990; 113(2):160–163. American Hospital Association (AHA). Statement of Guiding Principles on the Operation of the Hospital Formulary System . Chicago: AHA; 1974. American Hospital Association. Operation of the Hospital Formulary System . Chicago: AHA; 1975. American Hospital Association. American Hospital Association Statement on National Patient Safety Partnership Press Conference Attribute to Jack Lord, M.D., Chief Operating Officer, AHA. Chicago: AHA; 1999. American Medical Association (AMA). AMA policy on drug formularies and therapeutic interchange in inpatient and ambulatory patient care settings. Am. J. Hosp. Pharm. 1994; 51:1808–1810.

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