preservation of species and genetic diversity;
maintenance of environmental services;
protection of specific natural and cultural features;
tourism and recreation;
sustainable use of resources from natural ecosystems; and
maintenance of cultural and traditional attributes.
There are several important features of the IUCN categorization scheme that it is important to note. They are:
the basis of categorization is by primary management objective;
assignment to a category is not a commentary on management effectiveness;
the categories system is international;
national names for protected areas of the same category vary;
all categories are important; and
though the primary objective of an MPA will determine the category, the MPA may contain zones which have other objectives. However, for the purpose of categorization, at least 3/4 of the MPA must be managed for the primary objective and the management of the remaining area must not conflict with that primary objective.
Strict Nature Reserve - Wilderness Area: Protected Area Managed Mainly for Science or Wilderness Protection
Strict Nature Reserve: Protected Area Managed Mainly for Science
Area of land and/or sea possessing some outstanding or representative ecosystems, geological or physiological features and/or species, available primarily for scientific research and/or environmental monitoring.
Objectives of Management
to preserve habitats, ecosystems and species in as undisturbed a state as possible;