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Biographical Memoirs: V.70 (1996)

Chapter: Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

The National Academy Press was created by the National Academy of Sciences to publish the reports issued by the Academy and by the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, all operating under the charter granted to the National Academy of Sciences by the Congress of the United States.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
×

Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Biographical Memoirs

VOLUME 70

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
1996

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-05541-5

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077-2933

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629

Available from
NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
×

CONTENTS

 

 

PREFACE

 

vii

 

 

WILLIAM L. BROWN
BY DONALD N. DUVICK

 

3

 

 

KENNETH STEWART COLE
BY SIR ANDREW HUXLEY

 

25

 

 

HENRY EYRING
BY WALTER KAUZMANN

 

47

 

 

ALFRED GILMAN
BY MURDOCH RITCHIE

 

59

 

 

HENRY GILMAN
BY C. EABORN

 

83

 

 

MORRIS HOWARD HANSEN
BY JOSEPH WAKSBERG AND EDWIN D. GOLDFIELD

 

117

 

 

ROBERT PAUL HANSON
BY THOMAS M. YUILL, AND B. C. EASTERDAY

 

139

 

 

ROBERT FLEMING HEIZER
BY THOMAS R. HESTER

 

157

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
×

 

 

FREDERICK SEYMOUR HULSE
BY EUGENE GILES

 

175

 

 

LEON ORRIS JACOBSON
BY EUGENE GOLDWASSER

 

191

 

 

WARREN KENDALL LEWIS
BY HOYT C. HOTTEL

 

205

 

 

CHOH HAO LI
BY R. DAVID COLE

 

221

 

 

BERND THEODOR MATTHIAS
BY T. H. GEBALLE AND J. K. HULM

 

241

 

 

EGON OROWAN
BY F. R. N. NABARRO AND A. S. ARGON

 

261

 

 

EFRAIM RACKER
BY GOTTFRIED SCHATZ

 

321

 

 

HERSCHEL L. ROMAN
BY MICHAEL S. ESPOSITO

 

349

 

 

HARRY LIONEL SHAPIRO
BY FRANK SPENCER

 

369

 

 

FRANK LUDVIG SPITZER
BY PHILIP H. ABELSON

 

389

 

 

MERLE ANTONY TUVE
BY PHILIP H. ABELSON

 

407

 

 

JOHN WEST WELLS
BY WILLIAM R. BRICE

 

425

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
×

PREFACE

On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good.

The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world.

PETER H. RAVEN

Home Secretary

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1996. Biographical Memoirs: V.70. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5406.
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Biographic Memoirs Volume 70 contains the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published works. Each biographical essay was written by a member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased. For historical and bibliographical purposes, these volumes are worth returning to time and again.

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