Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
PERRY R.HAGENSTEIN, chair, is an independent consultant on natural resources policy, economics, and management. Since 1982 he has also served as president of the Institute for Forest Analysis, Planning, and Policy, a national nonprofit research and education organization. He is the former president of Resource Issues, Inc., and former executive director of the New England Natural Resources Center. He has been a visiting professor at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, University of Vermont, University of Massachusetts, and Vermont Law School. He served as Charles Bullard research fellow at the John F. Kennedy School of Government and Harvard Forest, Harvard University, and as a senior policy analyst for the U.S. Public Land Law Review Commission. He has been a member of the NRC Committee on Surface Mining and Reclamation, Committee on Abandoned Mine Lands (chair), Committee on Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing (chair), Committee on Earth Resources, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Committee on Environmental Issues in Pacific Northwest Forest Management, and Committee on Noneconomic and Economic Value of Biodiversity.
SAMUEL S.ADAMS, vice-chair, is an independent minerals consultant in Lincoln, New Hampshire. He is the past-president of the American Geological Institute, past-president of the Society of Economic Geologists, and former head and professor of the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines. He has 24 years of industry experience as a mine and exploration geologist, exploration manager, chief geologist, and vice-president for geology and technology. He is a member of the Ad Hoc Advisory Committee to the supervisor of the White Mountain National Forest. He served as chair of the NRC Panel to Review the Mineral Resource Surveys Program Plan of the U.S. Geological Survey. He is a former member of the NRC Committee on Earth Resources and the Board on Earth Sciences and
Resources. He received his B.A. and M.A. from Dartmouth College and his Ph.D. from Harvard University.
ANNE C.BALDRIGE has worked in environmental impact evaluations and regulatory compliance in the mining industry in the United States and internationally for the last 20 years. Most recently, she was vice-president for environmental and governmental affairs, Battle Mountain Gold Company, where she helped develop a mining regulatory framework for Bolivia and submitted the first environmental impact assessment for a large operation under the new regulation. Additionally, she was responsible for the initial permitting of a mine under one of the most complex permitting scenarios in the United States, which included four federal agencies, American Indian interests, more than a dozen state and local agencies, and significant opposition to the project. She previously served as an associate with Colder Associates, Inc., principal of EIC Corporation, division head of Steffen, Robertson, and Kirsten, and reclamation specialist with the State of Colorado. Ms. Baldrige was awarded a B.S. in geology from the University of Pittsburgh and a M.B.A. in finance and accounting from Regis University.
PAUL B.BARTON, JR., recently retired from the U.S. Geological Survey. His research focuses on the genesis of mineral deposits, chemical and physical nature of ore-forming fluids, phase relations between minerals, thermodynamic properties of minerals, long-range availability of resources, and geochemistry. He was president of the Mineralogical Society of America in 1986 and president of the Society of Economic Geologists in 1979. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the NRC Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, and the NRC Committee on Earth Resources.
EDWIN H.CLARK II is president of Clean Sites, Inc., in Alexandria, Virginia. He is the former secretary of natural resources and environmental control for the State of Delaware, vice-president of the Conservation Foundation, and associate assistant administrator for pesticides and toxic substances in the U.S. EPA. He holds a Ph.D. in applied economics from Princeton University. He has served as a member of the NRC Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology.
DONALD W.GENTRY is president and chief executive officer of PolyMet Mining Corporation. From 1972 to 1998, he was on the faculty of the Colorado School of Mines, where he served as professor of mining engineering, head of the Mining Engineering Department, and dean of engineering and undergraduate studies. He has served as president of the
Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, and president of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers. He has been a member of the Board of Directors of Santa Fe Pacific Gold Corporation, Newmont Gold Company, and Newmont Mining Corporation. He has contributed to the restructuring of national mineral policies and related taxation issues in developing countries, including Chile, Peru, and Argentina. His expertise includes surface and underground mining and mine planning, as well as project evaluation and financing. He has published more than 100 papers. He received a B.S. from the University of Illinois, a M.S. from the University of Nevada, and a Ph.D. in mining engineering from the University of Arizona. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
RAYMOND E.KRAUSS is an independent environmental planning and resource management consultant. Previously, he served as the environmental manager for the Homestake Mining Company's McLaughlin Mine. In this capacity, he managed all phases of the project from discovery and permitting through engineering, construction, operations, reclamation, and initial closure. He received the 1993 Earle A.Chiles Award for application of environmentally sound management principles to the mining and extraction of mineral resources in the intermountain West. Also, he received a Merit Award from the Soil Conservation Society for his aggressive mitigation of the environmental impact of the McLaughlin Mine. His technical skills cover the areas of pollution prevention strategies, waste rock and tailings disposal, and the prevention of acid rock drainage.
ANN S.MAEST is an aqueous geochemist whose research interests include the fate, transport, and speciation of metals and other contaminants in natural waters. She has worked as a research geochemist at the U.S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park, California; as a senior scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund in Washington, D.C.; and as a senior scientist and manager at Hagler Bailly and Hydrosphere, environmental consulting companies in Boulder, Colorado. Currently she is vice-president of Buka Environmental in Boulder. She has worked nationally and internationally on water quality and policy aspects of hardrock mining and has served on two NRC committees related to mineral resource research at federal agencies. She holds a Ph.D. in geochemistry and water resources from Princeton University, and was a NRC research associate at the U.S. Geological Survey. Her recent collaborative research efforts with fish toxicologists have focused on the effect of chemical speciation on the toxicity of metals to salmonids.
JAMES M.MCELFISH, JR., is a senior attorney and director of the Mining Center at the Environmental Law Institute, where he also works on RCRA, biological diversity, and sustainable development issues. He is lead author of two reference works on mining in the United States—Hard Rock Mining: State Approaches to Environmental Protection and Environmental Regulation of Coal Mining: SMCRA's Second Decade—and has written chapters of several treatises, including “State Environmental Law” in The Law of Environmental Protection and “Recreation Law” in Sustainable Environmental Law, both updated annually. He is a 1979 graduate of Yale Law School.
DUNCAN T.PATTEN is professor emeritus of plant biology and past director of the Center for Environmental Studies at Arizona State University. He also is an adjunct research professor with the Mountain Research Center at Montana State University. His research interests include arid and mountain ecosystems, especially the understanding of ecological processes and restoration of western riparian and wetland ecosystems. He was a senior scientist of the Bureau of Reclamation's Glen Canyon Environmental Studies, overseeing the research program to evaluate the effects of Glen Canyon Dam operations on the Colorado River riverine ecosystem. He is past-president of the Society of Wetland Scientists. He has been a member of the NRC Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources; the Board on Environmental Studies; and numerous NRC committees. He chaired the National Technical Advisory Committee to the National Institute for Global Environmental Change. He received an A.B. from Amherst College, a M.S. from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, and a Ph.D. from Duke University.
JONATHAN G.PRICE is state geologist and director of the Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology. He is president-elect, as of July 1, 1999, of the Association of American State Geologists and chair of the Research Council of the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, and is past-president of the American Institute of Professional Geologists. His experience includes serving as geologist with the Anaconda Company, adjunct assistant professor at Bucknell University, geologist with U.S. Steel Corporation, and research associate, research scientist, and then program director, mineral resources, at the Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin. In addition, he has served as director of the Texas Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute, lecturer in the Department of Geological Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin, and staff director for the NRC Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. His research and publications address mineral resources, geology and geochemistry of ore deposits, igneous petrology,
tectonics and geologic mapping, environmental geochemistry, and solution mining. He is a member of the NRC Committee on Earth Resources, the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, and has served on the Panel to Review the Mineral Resource Surveys Program Plan of the U.S. Geological Survey.
RICHARD E.REAVIS is a former deputy administrator for air, water, and mining programs in the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. In that capacity he developed policy and guidance to provide direction for state regulatory programs. Mr. Reavis served in a number of positions with the U.S. EPA, including deputy director of the Water Division for EPA Region 9, border coordinator, chief of the Arizona Branch of the Water Division, and chief of the Nevada Branch of the Water Division. He has also been awarded the EPA's Silver Medal for superior service and the U.S. Public Health Service Meritorious Service Medal. He received his B.S. degree in civil engineering from the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy and his M.S. degree in civil engineering from Northwestern University.
DONALD D.RUNNELLS is senior technical advisor of Shepherd Miller, Inc., a consulting environmental and geotechnical engineering firm in Fort Collins, Colorado. Previously, he served as chair of the Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and is now professor emeritus. His research and teaching have been in geochemistry of mineral deposits, natural waters, low-temperature geochemistry, water pollution, geochemical exploration, and geochemistry of trace substances. He has also served as a geochemist at Shell Development Company in Texas and Florida and as assistant professor of geology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He also has been a member of the NRC Water Science and Technology Board and has participated in the Committee on Ground Water Models: Scientific and Regulatory Applications and the Panel to Review the Mineral Resource Surveys Program Plan of the U.S. Geological Survey. He received a Ph.D. and M.A. in geology from Harvard University and a B.S. in geology from the University of Utah. In 1998 he was appointed by President Clinton to the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board.
CRAIG M.SCHIFFRIES, study director (through August 1999), is associate executive director for special projects of the NRC Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources. He previously served as director of
the NRC Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. He was the first director of government affairs for the American Geological Institute, a federation of 32 national scientific and professional societies in the geosciences. He was a congressional science fellow on the staff of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, where he worked on legislation to ensure that federal laws keep pace with changes in technology. As a Carnegie fellow at the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, he conducted research in petrology, geochemistry, and economic geology. He holds a Ph.D. in geology from Harvard University; a B.A. in philosophy, politics, and economics from Oxford University, where he was a Marshall scholar; and a B.S. and M.S. in geology and geophysics from Yale University.
GREGORY H.SYMMES, study director (since August, 1999), is associate executive director of the NRC Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources. Since joining the NRC staff in 1995, he has been responsible for overseeing the review and publication of reports produced under the commission. He also directed a study for the NRC Board on Radioactive Waste Management (BRWM) that led to the report, Peer Review in Environmental Technology Development Programs: The Department of Energy's Office of Science and Technology, and is currently directing a BRWM study that will lead to the report, Technologies for Environmental Management: The Department of Energy 's Office of Science and Technology. Prior to joining the NRC, he served as a research assistant professor and postdoctoral associate in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences at the State University of Stony Brook. He received his Ph.D. in geology from the Johns Hopkins University, where he studied fluid-rock interaction and mineral-fluid-melt phase equilibria in the deep crust, and his B.A. summa cum laude in geology from Amherst College