Streamlining Space Launch Range Safety (2000)

Chapter: Acronyms

« Previous: Appendix E: Safety Modeling and Analysis
Suggested Citation: "Acronyms." National Research Council. Streamlining Space Launch Range Safety. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2000.



Air Force Materiel Command


Air Force Space Command


air traffic control


Cape Canaveral Range Surveillance System


Department of Defense


casualty expectation (collective risk standard)


Eastern Range


Federal Aviation Administration


flight termination system


global positioning system


intercontinental ballistic missile


instantaneous impact point


impact limit line


inertial measurement unit


integrated product team


mission flight control officer


memorandum of agreement


National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Notice to Airmen


National Research Council


casualty probability (individual risk standard)


individual hit probability (for aircraft or ships)


Range Commanders Council


reusable launch vehicle


Range Operations Control Center


Range Standardization and Automation(program)


submarine launched ballistic missile


Space and Missile Systems Center


telemetered inertial guidance


visual flight rules


Western Range

Suggested Citation: "Acronyms." National Research Council. Streamlining Space Launch Range Safety. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2000.
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The U.S. space program is rapidly changing from an activity driven by federal government launches to one driven by commercial launches. In 1997, for the first time commercial launches outnumbered government launches at the Eastern Range (ER), located at Cape Canaveral Air Station, Florida. Commercial activity is also increasing at the Western Range (WR), located at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The government itself is emulating commercial customers, shifting from direct management of launch programs to the purchase of space launch services from U.S. commercial launch companies in an open, competitive market.

The fundamental goal of the U.S. space program is to ensure safe, reliable, and affordable access to space. Despite the inherent danger of space launches, the U.S. space program has demonstrated its ability to protect the public. No launch site worker or member of the general public has been killed or seriously injured in any of the 4,600 launches conducted at the ER and WR during the entire 50-year history of the space age.

Streamlining Space Launch Range Safety discusses whether range safety processes can be made more efficient and less costly without compromising public safety. This report presents six primary recommendations, which address risk management, Africa gates, roles and responsibilities, range safety documentation [EWR 127-1]), global positioning system (GPS) receiver tracking systems, and risk standards for aircraft and ships.

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