The U.S. military’s concerns about the individual combat service member’s ability to avoid performance degradation, in conjunction with the need to maintain both mental and physical capabilities in highly stressful situations, have led to and interest in developing methods by which commanders can monitor the status of the combat service members in the field. This report examines appropriate biological markers, monitoring technologies currently available and in need of development, and appropriate algorithms to interpret the data obtained in order to provide information for command decisions relative to the physiological “readiness” of each combat service member. More specifically, this report also provides responses to questions posed by the military relative to monitoring the metabolic regulation during prolonged, exhaustive efforts, where nutrition/hydration and repair mechanisms may be mismatched to intakes and rest, or where specific metabolic derangements are present.
Table of Contents
|1 Rationale for Military Interest and Current Capabilities in Monitoring Metabolism||15-36|
|2 The Study of Individual Differences: Statistical Approaches to Inter- and Intraindividual Variability||37-52|
|3 Monitoring Overall Physical Status to Predict Performance||53-84|
|4 Physiological Biomarkers for Predicting Performance||85-158|
|5 Strategies for Monitoring Cognitive Performance||159-194|
|6 Conclusions and Recommendations||195-208|
|Appendix A: Examples of Physiological and Cognitive Markers of Performance||209-218|
|Appendix B: Metabolic Monitoring at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration: A Concept for the Military||219-232|
|Appendix C: Workshop Agenda||233-236|
|Appendix D: Workshop Manuscripts||237-434|
|Appendix E: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers||435-444|
|Appendix F: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members||445-450|
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