The nation has compelling reasons to reduce its consumption of oil and emissions of carbon dioxide. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) promise to contribute to both goals by allowing some miles to be driven on electricity drawn from the grid, with an internal combustion engine that kicks in when the batteries are discharged. However, while battery technology has made great strides in recent years, batteries are still very expensive.
Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies--Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles builds on a 2008 National Research Council report on hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. The present volume reviews the current and projected technology status of PHEVs; considers the factors that will affect how rapidly PHEVs could enter the marketplace, including the interface with the electric transmission and distribution system; determines a maximum practical penetration rate for PHEVs consistent with the time frame and factors considered in the 2008 Hydrogen report; and incorporates PHEVs into the models used in the hydrogen study to estimate the costs and impacts on petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.
Table of Contents
|2 Batteries and Battery Packs for PHEVs||7-16|
|3 U.S. Electric Power Infrastructure||17-20|
|4 Scenario Analysis||21-32|
|5 Results and Conclusions||33-34|
|Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information||39-42|
|Appendix B: Presentations and Committee Meetings||43-43|
|Appendix C: Scenarios||44-51|
|Appendix D: Statement of Task||52-52|
|Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations||53-53|
|Appendix F: Estimation of Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Costs||54-58|
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