For a century, almost all light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have been powered by internal combustion engines operating on petroleum fuels. Energy security concerns about petroleum imports and the effect of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on global climate are driving interest in alternatives. Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels assesses the potential for reducing petroleum consumption and GHG emissions by 80 percent across the U.S. LDV fleet by 2050, relative to 2005.
This report examines the current capability and estimated future performance and costs for each vehicle type and non-petroleum-based fuel technology as options that could significantly contribute to these goals. By analyzing scenarios that combine various fuel and vehicle pathways, the report also identifies barriers to implementation of these technologies and suggests policies to achieve the desired reductions. Several scenarios are promising, but strong, and effective policies such as research and development, subsidies, energy taxes, or regulations will be necessary to overcome barriers, such as cost and consumer choice.
Table of Contents
|2 Alternative Vehicle Technologies: Status, Potential, and Barriers||15-41|
|3 Alternative Fuels||42-76|
|4 Consumer Attitudes and Barriers||77-88|
|5 Modeling the Transition to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels||89-130|
|6 Policies for Reducing GHG Emissions from and Petroleum Use by Light-Duty Vehicles||131-151|
|7 Policy Options||152-160|
|Appendix A: Statement of Task||163-163|
|Appendix B: Committee Biographies||164-168|
|Appendix C: Meetings and Presentations||169-170|
|Appendix D: Reports on Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emissions Projections to 2050||171-206|
|Appendix E: Glossary, Conversion Factors, and Acronyms and Abbreviations||207-217|
|Appendix F: Vehicles||218-304|
|Appendix G: Fuels||305-330|
|Appendix H: Modeling||331-378|
The National Academies Press and the Transportation Research Board have partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to offer a variety of options for reusing our content. You may request permission to:
For most Academic and Educational uses no royalties will be charged although you are required to obtain a license and comply with the license terms and conditions.
For information on how to request permission to translate our work and for any other rights related query please click here.
For questions about using the Copyright.com service, please contact:
Copyright Clearance Center
22 Rosewood Drive
Danvers, MA 01923
Tel (toll free): 855/239-3415 (select option 1)
Loading stats for Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels...