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Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology

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As technological developments multiply around the globe—even as the patenting of human genes comes under serious discussion—nations, companies, and researchers find themselves in conflict over intellectual property rights (IPRs). Now, an international group of experts presents the first multidisciplinary look at IPRs in an age of explosive growth in science and technology.

This thought-provoking volume offers an update on current international IPR negotiations and includes case studies on software, computer chips, optoelectronics, and biotechnology—areas characterized by high development cost and easy reproducibility. The volume covers these and other issues:

  • Modern economic theory as a basis for approaching international IPRs.
  • U.S. intellectual property practices versus those in Japan, India, the European Community, and the developing and newly industrializing countries.
  • Trends in science and technology and how they affect IPRs.
  • Pros and cons of a uniform international IPRs regime versus a system reflecting national differences.


Suggested Citation

National Research Council. 1993. Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

450 pages |6 x 9
ISBN: 978-0-309-04833-0

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xii
I Introduction 1-2
1 The Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology 3-18
2 Intellectual Property Institutions and the Panda's Thumb: Patents, Copyrights, and Trade Secrets in Economic Theory and History 19-62
II The Case For and Against a Uniform Worldwide Intellectual Property Rights System 63-64
Introduction 65-67
3 Why a Uniform Intellectual Property System Makes Sense or the World 68-88
4 Harmonization Versus Differentiation in Intellectual Property Right Regimes 89-106
5 Unauthorized Use of Intellectual Property: Effects on Investment, Technology Transfer, and Innovation 107-145
Discussion 146-148
III National and International Approaches to Intellectual Property Rights 149-150
Introduction 151-154
6 Comparative National Approaches to Intellectual Property Rights 155-174
7 Update on international Negotiations on Intellectual Property Rights 175-182
Discussion 183-186
IV Scientific and Technological Advance and Its Impact on the Role of Intellectual Property Rights 187-188
Introduction 189-191
8 Trends in Global Science and Technology and What They Mean for Intellectual Property Systems 192-207
9 Sectoral Views 208-220
10 Intellectual Property Rights and Competitive Strategy 221-240
Discussion 241-246
V Adapting Intellectual Property Rights to New Technologies 247-248
Introduction 249-255
11 Adapting the Intellectual Property System to New Technologies 256-283
12 A Case Study on Computer Programs 284-318
13 Biotechnology Case Study 319-328
14 Semiconductor Chip Protection as a Case Study 329-338
15 Optoelectronics 339-350
Discussion 351-354
VI Global Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Perspective 355-356
Introduction 357-359
16 Global Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Perspective: A Concluding Panel Discussion 360-383
Disccusion 384-390
Coda: Issues for Future Research 391-394
VII Appendix 395-396
A: Conference Agenda 397-400
B: Biographies of Contributors 401-418
Index 419-442

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