Today's knowledge economy is driven in large part by the nation's capacity to innovate. One of the defining features of the U.S. economy is a high level of entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurs in the United States see opportunities and are willing and able to assume risk to bring new welfare-enhancing, wealth-generating technologies to the market. Yet, although discoveries in areas such as genomics, bioinformatics, and nanotechnology present new opportunities, converting these discoveries into innovations for the market involves substantial challenges. The American capacity for innovation can be strengthened by addressing the challenges faced by entrepreneurs. Public-private partnerships are one means to help entrepreneurs bring new ideas to market.
The Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) and the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program form one of the largest examples of U.S. public-private partnerships. In the SBIR Reauthorization Act of 2000, Congress tasked the National Research Council with undertaking a comprehensive study of how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation and used small businesses to meet federal research and development needs and with recommending further improvements to the program. When reauthorizing the SBIR and STTR programs in 2011, Congress expanded the study mandate to include a review of the STTR program. This report builds on the methodology and outcomes from the previous review of SBIR and assesses the STTR program.
Table of Contents
|2 Program Management||28-43|
|3 Applications and Awards||44-51|
|4 Qualitative Assessment: Company and University Perspectives||52-72|
|5 Quantitative Outcomes||73-89|
|6 Findings and Recommendations||90-102|
|Appendix A: Overview of Methodological Approaches, Data Sources, and Survey Tools||105-120|
|Appendix B: Major Changes to the SBIR and STTR Programs Resulting from the 2011 SBIR Reauthorization Act, P.L. 112-81, December 2011||121-125|
|Appendix C: National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 2014 SBIR/STTR Survey||126-147|
|Appendix D: List of Research Institutions Reported by STTR Survey Respondents||148-152|
|Appendix E: Case Studies||153-242|
|Appendix F: Annex to Chapter 3: Agency-level Data||243-270|
|Appendix G: Annex to Chapter 5: Quantitative Outcomes||271-299|
|Appendix H: Glossary||300-300|
|Appendix I: Agenda: Workshop on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program||301-302|
|Appendix J: Bibliography||303-324|
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