Millions of Americans use e-cigarettes. Despite their popularity, little is known about their health effects. Some suggest that e-cigarettes likely confer lower risk compared to combustible tobacco cigarettes, because they do not expose users to toxicants produced through combustion. Proponents of e-cigarette use also tout the potential benefits of e-cigarettes as devices that could help combustible tobacco cigarette smokers to quit and thereby reduce tobacco-related health risks. Others are concerned about the exposure to potentially toxic substances contained in e-cigarette emissions, especially in individuals who have never used tobacco products such as youth and young adults. Given their relatively recent introduction, there has been little time for a scientific body of evidence to develop on the health effects of e-cigarettes.
Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes reviews and critically assesses the state of the emerging evidence about e-cigarettes and health. This report makes recommendations for the improvement of this research and highlights gaps that are a priority for future research.
Table of Contents
|Summary Annex Report Conclusions by Level of Evidence||17-22|
|2 Committee Approach||43-52|
|Section I: E-Cigarette Devices, Constituents, and Exposures||53-54|
|3 E-Cigarette Devices, Uses, and Exposures||55-88|
|5 Toxicology of E-Cigarette Constituents||155-216|
|6 Research Needs: E-Cigarette Devices, Constituents, and Exposures||217-220|
|Section II: Effects of E-Cigarettes on Health||221-222|
|7 Modes of Action||223-254|
|8 Dependence and Abuse Liability||255-338|
|9 Cardiovascular Disease||339-380|
|11 Respiratory Diseases||405-454|
|12 Oral Diseases||455-460|
|13 Developmental and Reproductive Effects||461-472|
|14 Injuries and Poisonings||473-480|
|15 Research Needs: Effects of E-Cigarettes on Health||481-486|
|Section III: Public Health Implications of E-Cigarettes||487-492|
|16 Combustible Tobacco Cigarette Smoking Among Youth and Young Adults||493-540|
|17 Smoking Cessation Among Adults||541-588|
|18 Harm Reduction||589-630|
|19 Modeling of E-Cigarette Use||631-652|
|20 Research Needs: Public Health Implications of E-Cigarettes||653-656|
|21 Concluding Observations||657-660|
|Appendix A: Questions from the Center for Tobacco Products of the Food and Drug Administration Submitted for the Committee's Consideration||661-664|
|Appendix B: Search Strategy and Quality Assessment||665-696|
|Appendix C: Glossary of Terms Related to E-Cigarettes||697-702|
|Appendix D: Cytotoxicity Tables||703-740|
|Appendix E: Public Meeting Agenda||741-744|
|Appendix F: Committee Biosketches||745-750|
The National Academies Press and the Transportation Research Board have partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to offer a variety of options for reusing our content. You may request permission to:
For most Academic and Educational uses no royalties will be charged although you are required to obtain a license and comply with the license terms and conditions.
For information on how to request permission to translate our work and for any other rights related query please click here.
For questions about using the Copyright.com service, please contact:
Copyright Clearance Center
22 Rosewood Drive
Danvers, MA 01923
Tel (toll free): 855/239-3415 (select option 1)
Loading stats for Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes...