Vegetation change has been observed across Arctic and boreal regions. Studies have often documented large-scale greening trends, but they have also identified areas of browning or shifts between greening and browning over varying spatial extents and time periods. At the same time, though, there are large portions of these ecosystems that have not exhibited measurable trends in greening or browning. These findings have fueled many questions about the drivers of vegetation dynamics, how trends are measured, and potential implications of vegetation change at local to global scales.
In December 2018, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, convened a workshop to discuss opportunities to improve understanding of greening and browning trends and drivers and the implications of these vegetation changes. The discussions included a close look at many of the methodological approaches used to evaluate greening and browning, as well as exploration of newer technologies that may help advance the science. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Table of Contents
|Trends and Drivers of Greening and Browning||7-14|
|Implications of Vegetation Change||15-20|
|Methods Used to Evaluate Change and Detect Trends||21-28|
|Linking Remote Sensing and Field-Based Measurements||29-32|
|Appendix A: Statement of Task||39-40|
|Appendix B: Planning Committee Biographical Sketches||41-42|
|Appendix C: Workshop Agenda||43-48|
|Appendix D: Workshop Participants||49-50|
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