Transit ridership across the United States has declined for six straight years. Bus ridership, which has declined more than other transit services, is now at the lowest point since 1965. Rail ridership, with the exception of commuter rail, has also declined, and commuter rail ridership has recently leveled off.
The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Research Report 209: Analysis of Recent Public Transit Ridership Trends presents a current snapshot of public transit ridership trends in the U.S. on bus and rail services in urban and suburban areas, focusing on what has changed in the past several years. It also explores and presents strategies that transit agencies are considering and using for all transit modes in response to changes in ridership.
Ten case studies are included to better understand individual strategies transit agencies are using to mitigate ridership losses and increase ridership overall. Nearly every transit agency investigated in the case studies had ridership increases between 2012 and 2015 followed by steady decreases in ridership. Generally, on-time performance has been improving, although it is not causing transit ridership to increase.
Table of Contents
|Chapter 1: Background||12-15|
|Chapter 2: Research Approach||16-21|
|Chapter 3: National Ridership Trends||22-42|
|Chapter 4: Transit Agency Strategies||43-51|
|Chapter 5: Case Studies||52-88|
|Conclusions and Next Steps||89-91|
|Appendix A: Literature Review||96-103|
|Appendix B: Data Limitations||104-107|
|Appendix C: Metropolitan Statistical Areas Abbreviations by Cluster||108-115|
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