Rethinking mission and service delivery, rethinking fare policy, giving transit priority, careful partnering with shared-use mobility providers, and encouraging transit-oriented density are among the strategies transit agencies can employ to increase ridership and mitigate or stem declines in ridership that started years before the COVID-19 pandemic.
The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's pre-publication draft of TCRP Research Report 231: Recent Decline in Public Transportation Ridership: Analysis, Causes, and Responses provides a deep-dive exploration of the ridership losses already being experienced by transit systems prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and explores strategies that appear to be key as we move to the new normal of a post-pandemic world.
Table of Contents
|Chapter 1 Introduction||6-9|
|Chapter 2 Possible Causes of Ridership Decline Identified in the Literature||10-18|
|Chapter 3 Multi-City Evaluation||19-38|
|Chapter 4 Bus Ridership and Frequency Trends by Time of Day in Four Cities||39-51|
|Chapter 5 Examining the Peaking Phenomenon in Bay Area Rapid Transit Ridership||52-64|
|Chapter 6 Competition and Complementarity Between Transit Modes in the Twin Cities||65-76|
|Chapter 7 The Impact of Shared E-scooters on Bus Ridership in Louisville, KY||77-85|
|Chapter 8 The Impact of Fare Free promotions on Bus Ridership in Topeka, Kansas||86-92|
|Chapter 9 The Impact of Converting Bus Routes to Bus Rapid Transit on Ridership in Cleveland, OH||93-100|
|Chapter 10 Future Strategy Evaluation||101-116|
|Chapter 11 Strategies, Implementation Resources, Key Lessons Learned||117-140|
|Chapter 12 Acronyms and Abbreviations||141-141|
|Chapter 13 References||142-154|
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