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Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations

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Food Components to Enhance Performance

An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations (1994)
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Overview

Contributors

Description

The physiological or psychological stresses that employees bring to their workplace affect not only their own performance but that of their co-workers and others. These stresses are often compounded by those of the job itself. Medical personnel, firefighters, police, and military personnel in combat settings--among others--experience highly unpredictable timing and types of stressors.

This book reviews and comments on the performance-enhancing potential of specific food components. It reflects the views of military and non-military scientists from such fields as neuroscience, nutrition, physiology, various medical specialties, and performance psychology on the most up-to-date research available on physical and mental performance enhancement in stressful conditions. Although placed within the context of military tasks, the volume will have wide-reaching implications for individuals in any job setting.

Topics

Suggested Citation

Institute of Medicine. 1994. Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/4563.

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Publication Info

560 pages | 6 x 9
Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-309-05088-3
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17226/4563
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xvi
I. Committee Summary and Recommendations 1-2
1. Introduction and Background 3-46
2. Conclusions and Recommendations 47-62
II. Background and Introduction to the Topic 63-64
3. Nutritional Enhancement of Soldier Performance at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, 1985-1992 65-76
4. Optimizing the Design of Combat Rations 77-92
5. Biochemical Strategies for Ration Design: Concerns of Bioavailability 93-110
III. Military Issues 111-112
6. Evaluation of Physical Performance 113-126
7. The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Performance During Continuous Combat Operations 127-136
8. The Role of Context in Behavioral Effects of Foods 137-158
IV. Stress and Nutrient Interactions: Metabolic Consequences 159-160
9. Stress and Monoamine Neurons in the Brain 161-176
10. Endocrine and Immune System Response to Stress 177-208
11. The Metabolic Responses to Stress and Physical Activity 209-220
V. Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components 221-222
12. Food Components That May Optimize Physical Preformance: An Overview 223-238
13. Effects of Nutrients on Neurotransmitter Release 239-262
14. Performance-Enhancing Effects of Protein and Amino 263-276
15. Tyrosine and Stress: Human and Animal Studies 277-300
16. Tyrosine and Glucose Modulation of Cognitive Deficits Resulting from Cold Stress 301-320
17. Carbohydrates, Protein, and Performance 321-350
18. Structured Lipids: An Overview and Comments on Performance Enhancement Potential 351-380
19. Choline: Human Requirements and Effects on Human Performance 381-406
20. Effects of Caffeine on Cognitive Performance, Mood, and Alertness in Sleep-Deprived Humans 407-432
21. The Role of Carnitine in Enhancing Physical Performance 433-452
VI. Safety and Regulatory Aspects of Potential Ration Enhancement 453-454
22. Safety Concerns Regarding Supplemental Amino Acids: Results of a Study 455-460
23. Regulatoin of Amino Acids and Other Dietary Components Associated with Enhanced Physical Performance 461-474
Appendixes 475-476
Appendix A: Scenarios that Illustrate Potential Usefulness of Food Components to Enhance Performance 477-480
Appendix B: Military Recommended Dietary Allowances 481-500
Appendix C: A Selected Bibliography on an Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing food Components for Operational Rations 501-514
Appendix D: Biographical Sketches 515-528
Index 529-544
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